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In 1905 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that compulsory vaccinations were legal in Massachusetts

January 22, 2022

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The 1905 U.S. Supreme Court decision established the constitutionality of state compulsory vaccination laws when they are “necessary for the public health or the public safety. Jacobson involved compulsory vaccination in the midst of a smallpox epidemic when there was no other less coercive means available to staunch the outbreak. Vaccine efficacy against infectious diseases rests on the concept of herd […]

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A look back at U.S. newspapers on January 1st when the nation enslaved African descent people

January 1, 2022

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This is a very brief look back at the United States of America and the American press covering the enslavement of African descent people on January 1st of various years. Click images below to enlarge for better viewing

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Jay-Z is not the first regarding talks of African American ownership in the NFL

August 18, 2019

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Jay-Z is not the first regarding talks of African American ownership in the NFL There is a lot of discussion taking place regarding Shawn C. Carter’s (Jay-Z) Roc Nation and the NFL’s announced partnership around social justice. The NFL partnership will make Jay-Z and his Roc Nation agency a co-producer of the Super Bowl halftime […]

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In 1911, Booker T. Washington was attacked for being an African American in New York City

July 12, 2019

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In 1911, Booker T. Washington was attacked for being an African American in New York City This is a brief look back, as reported in American newspapers, when Booker T. Washington was attacked for simply being an African American man in New York City. Born enslaved in Virginia in 1856, upon his gradating from Hampton […]

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How the U.S. Supreme Court defined the “white” race in 1923

July 1, 2019

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How the U.S. Supreme Court defined the “white” race in 1923 This is a brief historical look back in time on how the U.S. Supreme Court defined the “white” race in the 1900s. What does race and “white” have to do with the 2020 Census? A most accurate count of the population is important in […]

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U.S. Senate Bill: S.597 Marijuana Justice Act of 2019

April 24, 2019

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U.S. Senate Bill: S.597 Marijuana Justice Act of 2019 Source: US. Senator Cory Booker WASHINGTON, D.C. — U.S. Senator Cory Booker (D-NJ), a member of the Senate’s Judiciary Committee, Rep. Barbara Lee (D-CA), Co-Chair of the Congressional Cannabis Caucus, and Rep. Ro Khanna (D-CA), reintroduced their landmark bill to end the federal prohibition on marijuana. […]

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Crime in the United States of America in 2017 and the prison system

October 17, 2018

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Crime in the United States of America in 2017 and the prison system Source: FBI | U.S. government, U.S. Department of Justice Freedom of Information/Privacy Act When the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program began publishing federal crime data for 2015, the first report in the fall of 2016 promised a fluid process that was […]

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U.S. History: Nathanial “Nat” Turner’s effective enslaved African descent people’s American freedom rebellion in August 1831

August 22, 2018

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U.S. History: Nathanial “Nat” Turner’s effective enslaved African descent people’s American freedom rebellion in August 1831 Nathanial “Nat” Turner (1800-1831) was an enlsaved African decent American. Nat Turner led one of the largest effective, sustained enslaved African descent people’s American rebellion in U.S. history during August 1831. This enslave African descent people’s uprising spreading terror […]

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U.S. Senate adopts resolution backing the free press

August 17, 2018

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U.S. Senate adopts resolution backing the free press Reuters WASHINGTON – The U.S. Senate on August 16, 2018 unanimously adopted a resolution affirming support for a free press and declaring that “the press is not the enemy of the people.” The non-binding resolution approved by voice vote was a rebuke to President Donald Trump who […]

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How the United States continued a system of enslavement after the 13th amendment in 1865

April 22, 2018

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How the United States continued a system of enslavement after the 13th amendment in 1865 The 13th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America declared that “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or […]

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