Food Stamps (SNAP) Household Characteristics Report 33% white, 22.4% black

January 2, 2012

Did you know?

SNAP  (Food Stamps) Household Characteristics Reports

 In fiscal year 2011, about 44.71 million people participated in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) or the Food Stamp program as of December 1, 2011. In 2008 there were only 28.22 million people who participated. In 2000 there were only 17.19 million people who participated.

The United States Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), historically and commonly known as the Food Stamp Program, is a federal-assistance program that provides assistance to low- and no-income people and families living in the U.S. Though the program is administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, benefits are distributed by the individual U.S. states.

The average SNAP household size was 2.2 persons, but varied considerably by household composition. Households with children were larger, averaging 3.3 members. Households with elderly participants were smaller, averaging 1.3 members.

SNAP Benefits of Participants by Selected Demographic Characteristic

White, (not Hispanic) 13,395,000 33.7%

African American, (not Hispanic) 8,909,000 22.4%

Asian, (not Hispanic) 1,120 2.8%

Native American, (not Hispanic) 1,696,000 4.3%

Multiple Races Reported, (not Hispanic) 63,000 0.2%

Race Unknown 7,939,000 20.0%

_______________________________________

Hispanic (of any race) 6,637,000 16.7%

The Hispanic category includes the following values: Hispanic; (Hispanic or Latino) and (American Indian or Alaska Native); (Hispanic or Latino) and Asian; (Hispanic or Latino) and (Black or African American); (Hispanic or Latino) and (Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander); (Hispanic or Latino) and
White; (Hispanic or Latino) and (American Indian or Alaska Native) and White; (Hispanic or Latino) and Asian and White; (Hispanic or Latino) and
(Black or African American); (Hispanic or Latino) and (American Indian or Alaska Native) and (Black or African American); (Hispanic or Latino) and Respondent reported more than one race and does not fit into the listed values. Hispanic/Latino is not a race but, place of origin only and includes persons of any race and any ethnic group.

SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM:  AVERAGE MONTHLY PARTICIPATION (HOUSEHOLDS)
(Data as of December 1, 2011)
State/Territory FY 2007 FY 2008 FY 2009 FY 2010 FY 2011
          Preliminary
Alabama 220,917 231,740 280,625 344,788 404,793
Alaska 21,318 21,976 25,107 30,441 35,072
Arizona 222,304 258,517 340,852 439,364 465,375
Arkansas 158,087 157,871 172,602 197,624 210,670
California 827,258 914,161 1,122,949 1,391,359 1,612,825
Colorado 106,899 109,405 138,382 176,289 200,064
Connecticut 113,187 120,573 139,408 180,463 205,772
Delaware 29,116 32,512 40,239 50,507 61,877
District of Columbia 45,129 47,721 56,592 66,032 76,075
Florida 627,987 745,847 1,001,711 1,370,563 1,659,063
Georgia 387,254 417,427 534,944 681,782 789,785
Guam 7,916 8,295 9,587 11,595 12,945
Hawaii 45,380 48,824 57,857 69,402 79,624
Idaho 35,990 40,835 54,459 78,378 96,372
Illinois 569,073 595,832 677,147 775,019 859,785
Indiana 253,840 267,802 301,195 347,835 381,217
Iowa 108,166 117,632 135,558 156,529 173,186
Kansas 82,881 85,784 99,698 122,943 138,910
Kentucky 266,673 283,752 315,885 353,227 381,740
Louisiana 266,075 324,887 303,287 353,495 388,516
Maine 81,767 86,459 99,557 114,211 126,184
Maryland 147,191 167,174 212,260 265,796 328,328
Massachusetts 239,802 266,430 336,050 407,304 447,066
Michigan 555,744 590,930 694,341 865,508 967,566
Minnesota 131,764 140,427 165,533 209,816 245,586
Mississippi 178,775 188,498 214,103 247,947 273,029
Missouri 299,509 312,476 359,746 408,717 433,899
Montana 34,830 35,494 40,923 51,148 57,133
Nebraska 51,845 52,082 57,442 70,542 76,183
Nevada 57,023 67,380 92,885 128,979 156,319
New Hampshire 28,852 31,244 38,459 49,537 54,134
New Jersey 198,725 210,867 242,743 303,765 370,887
New Mexico 92,093 95,769 119,395 150,796 179,007
New York 951,633 1,036,676 1,231,892 1,463,135 1,600,690
North Carolina 391,019 419,127 506,034 611,325 734,482
North Dakota 20,395 21,825 23,989 27,232 27,893
Ohio 492,811 526,800 624,989 751,299 847,377
Oklahoma 176,290 176,483 199,615 251,248 272,189
Oregon 226,435 243,257 302,714 373,819 419,693
Pennsylvania 530,243 558,939 631,566 740,186 815,765
Rhode Island 36,645 41,548 51,555 72,840 86,368
South Carolina 233,295 255,702 302,450 359,506 390,936
South Dakota 24,754 26,189 30,901 40,054 43,585
Tennessee 387,441 410,458 490,912 573,725 611,502
Texas 947,235 994,786 1,183,153 1,407,083 1,608,476
Utah 50,784 53,715 73,706 98,805 111,799
Vermont 26,046 27,642 35,408 42,434 46,239
Virginia 230,281 245,592 295,741 364,825 406,811
Virgin Islands 4,761 5,036 6,272 8,145 9,359
Washington 272,605 292,515 375,570 474,701 546,383
West Virginia 120,135 124,183 138,070 154,886 160,721
Wisconsin 162,092 180,792 234,874 317,015 370,372
Wyoming 9,499 9,564 11,185 14,473 15,341
  TOTAL 11,787,765 12,727,450 15,232,115 18,618,436 21,074,964
The following outlying areas receive Nutrition Assistance Grants which provide benefits analogous to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Puerto Rico, American Samoa, and the Northern Marianas. The number of households participating is reported monthly.  Annual averages are the sums divided by twelve. 
All data are subject to revision.
SUPPLEMENTAL NUTRITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM:  NUMBER OF PERSONS PARTICIPATING
(Data as of December 1, 2011)
        Percent Change
State /  September August September September 2011 vs
Territory 2010 2011 2011 Aug 2011 Sep 2010
    Preliminary Initial    
Alabama 849,785 900,496 907,420 0.8% 6.8%
Alaska 81,196 91,079 90,531 -0.6% 11.5%
Arizona 1,044,410 1,123,333 1,131,358 0.7% 8.3%
Arkansas 483,309 490,744 490,090 -0.1% 1.4%
California 3,466,974 3,818,822 3,851,823 0.9% 11.1%
Colorado 424,878 471,363 474,564 0.7% 11.7%
Connecticut 364,341 386,985 391,078 1.1% 7.3%
Delaware 124,755 141,915 144,220 1.6% 15.6%
District of Columbia 128,759 140,836 140,315 -0.4% 9.0%
Florida 2,881,019 3,163,228 3,187,157 0.8% 10.6%
Georgia 1,693,976 1,851,586 1,863,393 0.6% 10.0%
Guam 38,908 41,818 42,960 2.7% 10.4%
Hawaii 147,250 166,093 168,151 1.2% 14.2%
Idaho 214,378 233,450 233,254 -0.1% 8.8%
Illinois 1,839,051 1,811,357 1,826,991 0.9% -0.7%
Indiana 857,992 895,008 896,328 0.1% 4.5%
Iowa 352,164 393,624 396,727 0.8% 12.7%
Kansas 291,126 303,667 300,320 -1.1% 3.2%
Kentucky 804,538 842,499 841,275 -0.1% 4.6%
Louisiana 864,112 906,938 915,185 0.9% 5.9%
Maine 237,530 252,223 251,762 -0.2% 6.0%
Maryland 616,102 698,969 702,604 0.5% 14.0%
Massachusetts 785,435 830,593 833,963 0.4% 6.2%
Michigan 1,884,751 1,931,821 1,922,354 -0.5% 2.0%
Minnesota 455,951 528,289 528,187 0.0% 15.8%
Mississippi 601,432 639,609 642,397 0.4% 6.8%
Missouri 928,183 951,103 949,889 -0.1% 2.3%
Montana 119,039 126,723 125,792 -0.7% 5.7%
Nebraska 169,385 175,754 175,993 0.1% 3.9%
Nevada 314,253 347,848 348,727 0.3% 11.0%
New Hampshire 110,576 114,332 114,388 0.0% 3.4%
New Jersey 690,075 787,460 916,798 16.4% 32.9%
New Mexico 390,154 428,642 430,032 0.3% 10.2%
New York 2,895,995 3,040,684 3,057,767 0.6% 5.6%
North Carolina 1,476,207 1,633,664 1,797,003 10.0% 21.7%
North Dakota 61,229 60,369 60,011 -0.6% -2.0%
Ohio 1,683,877 1,765,519 1,756,380 -0.5% 4.3%
Oklahoma 613,531 624,489 626,153 0.3% 2.1%
Oregon 738,957 793,120 795,706 0.3% 7.7%
Pennsylvania 1,644,259 1,764,550 1,769,585 0.3% 7.6%
Rhode Island 150,450 165,753 167,472 1.0% 11.3%
South Carolina 832,651 859,660 862,178 0.3% 3.5%
South Dakota 99,504 103,771 103,277 -0.5% 3.8%
Tennessee 1,267,478 1,285,316 1,284,624 -0.1% 1.4%
Texas 3,837,839 4,124,402 4,147,489 0.6% 8.1%
Utah 269,819 287,635 286,549 -0.4% 6.2%
Vermont 87,838 92,940 93,594 0.7% 6.6%
Virginia 826,277 886,725 904,557 2.0% 9.5%
Virgin Islands 21,514 23,480 23,684 0.9% 10.1%
Washington 1,006,518 1,127,065 1,088,193 -3.4% 8.1%
West Virginia 343,764 349,232 347,738 -0.4% 1.2%
Wisconsin 762,287 827,293 827,101 0.0% 8.5%
Wyoming 35,615 33,949 33,170 -2.3% -6.9%
     TOTAL 42,911,396 45,837,823 46,268,257 0.9% 7.8%
1] Data includes disaster assistance.    
The following areas receive Nutrition Assistance Grants which provide benefits analogous to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program:  Puerto Rico, American Samoa, and the Northern Marianas. 
August and September 2011 data are preliminary and are subject to significant revision

Source: USDA

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