China and Russia launched joint naval exercises showing growing cooperation in international affairs

April 22, 2012


China and Russia launched joint naval exercises showing growing cooperation in international affairs

Associated Press

BEIJING  — China and Russia launched joint naval exercises Sunday that highlight warming ties between their militaries and growing cooperation in international affairs.

Chinese state broadcaster CCTV said the six days of drills feature simulated anti-aircraft, anti-submarine and search-and-rescue operations, including electronic countermeasures and other sensitive technologies.

Retired major general Yin Zhuo said it shows a high degree of trust between the sides.

“It’s an excellent exchange for China to be able to drill jointly in such sensitive areas,” Yin told CCTV.

China’s Defense Ministry said China was sending two submarines and 16 ships to take part, including destroyers, escort vessels and hospital ships. The deputy chiefs of the countries’ navies oversaw the start of drills in the northeastern Chinese port of Qingdao, the home of China’s northern fleet.

The two militaries hold frequent exchanges, despite recent disputes over Chinese copying of Russian military technology such as Sukhoi jet fighters. China was a key customer for the former Soviet arms industry, but recent technological advances at home have made it far less dependent on Russian weaponry.

Much of that cooperation takes place within the confines of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, a grouping of Central Asian states that seeks to check U.S. influence in the region and began holding joint drills in 2005.

Formerly Cold War rivals for leadership of the communist world, China and Russia have since found common ground in countering liberal democratizing trends across Asia and Eastern Europe and frequently vote against Western initiatives in the United Nations Security Council.

Most recently, they have united to block any U.N. actions on Syrian violence that could lead to some form of humanitarian intervention, a prospect both nations abhor.


In this photo released by China’s Xinhua News Agency, Rear Adm. Du Xiping, front right, deputy commander of China’s Beihai Fleet, shakes hands with Captain First Rank Sergei Yuriyevich Zhuga of Russia’s Pacific Fleet during a welcome ceremony at a naval base in Qingdao, east China’s Shandong Province, Saturday, April 21, 2012. A China-Russia joint maritime drill is scheduled from April 22 to 27 on the Yellow Sea, Xinhua said. (AP Photo/Xinhua, Zha Chunming)



Military: Russia

Military service age and obligation:   
18-27 years of age for compulsory or voluntary military service; males are registered for the draft at 17 years of age; service obligation – 1 year (conscripts can only be sent to combat zones after 6 months training); reserve obligation to age 50
note: over 60% of draft-age Russian males receive some type of deferment – generally health related – each draft cycle (2011)

Manpower available for military service:   
males age 16-49: 34,132,156
females age 16-49: 34,985,115 (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military service:   
males age 16-49: 20,431,035
females age 16-49: 26,381,518 (2010 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:   
male: 693,843
female: 660,359 (2010 est.)

Military branches: 
Ground Forces (Sukhoputnyye Voyskia, SV)
Navy (Voyenno-Morskoy Flot, VMF)
Air Forces (Voyenno-Vozdushniye Sily, VVS)
Airborne Troops (Vozdushno-Desantnyye Voyska, VDV)
Strategic Rocket Forces (Raketnyye Voyska Strategicheskogo Naznacheniya, RVSN)
Aerospace Defense Troops (Voyska Vozdushno-Kosmicheskoy Oborony or Voyska VKO)
All are independent “combat arms,” not subordinate to any of the three branches.

Russian Ground Forces include the following combat arms:
motorized-rifle troops
tank troops, missile
artillery troops
air defense of the ground troops 

Military: China

Military service age and obligation:   
18-24 years of age for selective compulsory military service, with a 2 year service obligation; no minimum age for voluntary service (all officers are volunteers); 18-19 years of age for women high school graduates who meet requirements for specific military jobs; a recent military decision allows women in combat roles; the first class of women warship commanders was in training in 2011.

Manpower available for military service:   
males age 16-49: 385,821,101
females age 16-49: 363,789,674 (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military service:   
males age 16-49: 318,265,016
females age 16-49: 300,323,611 (2010 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually:   
male: 10,406,544
female: 9,131,990 (2010 est.)

Military branches:   
People’s Liberation Army (PLA)
Ground Forces
Navy (includes marines and naval aviation)
Air Force (Zhongguo Renmin Jiefangjun Kongjun, PLAAF; includes Airborne Forces)
Second Artillery Corps (strategic missile force)
People’s Armed Police (PAP)
PLA Reserve Force


Joint military exercise highlights growing Pakistan-China relations


Joint China-Pakistan military exercises, named YOUVI (Friendship), began on November 16, 2011. Both countries claimed the exercise aimed to curb terrorism. However, Pakistan is also keen to enhance its ties to China, as its relations with Washington deteriorate.


April 12, 2011

India, China move towards holding joint military exercises

The Hindu

NEW DELHI- Months after suspending the high-level defence exchanges, India appears to be moving to resume military manoeuvres with China as indications emerged on Tuesday that the two countries could be holding joint exercises in the near future.

The indications emerged on the eve of the meeting between Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Chinese President Hu Jintao in Sanya and amid apparent Chinese moves to reverse its two-year-old policy of granting stapled visas to Indian nationals hailing from Jammu and Kashmir.

“The joint exercises would be held,” a source said here when asked whether the military exercises will resume.

The source pointed out that some level of defence contact like border flag meeting had always been maintained even after high-level military exchanges were suspended after the Northern Army Commander Lt. Gen. B.S. Jaswal was given a visa on a loose sheet because he was serving in the State.


In March 2012 India held a four-day military exercises close to China border

India had major military exercises close to the Chinese border, involving Special Forces of the Army and frontline fighters such as Su-30MKI as part of the endeavour to be battle ready in the inhospitable mountainous region.

Code-named as ‘Pralay’ (devastation), the day-and-night exercises were mainly dominated by the aerial manoeuvres with support by ground forces, Press Trust of India (PTI) reported.

The four-day exercises in the north-eastern sector, including Arunachal Pradesh, coinciding with the official India visit of Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jeichi.


Russia, China, India and Pakistan all are countries with nuclear weapons

Russia, China and India are members of  BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China)

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