New Year’s Day -January 1, 2013 will be the 150th Anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation

January 1, 2013 the 150th Anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation

Emancipation Proclamation

The Emancipation Proclamation was issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, as mostly a symbolic move, as it only freed enslaved Africans in areas outside of Union control (Confederate States of America) who were in rebellion to the United States of America.

In September 1862, following the Union victory at the Battle of Antietam in Maryland, President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring that all enslaved Africans in territory still in rebellion on January 1, 1863, would be declared forever free. This did not include those enslaved Africans in states not in rebellion or in Native American lands.


The World (New York) featured a front page printing of The Emancipation Proclamation -Printed January 3, 1863

The World was published in New York City from 1860 until 1931

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The World – New York -The Emancipation Proclamation

The 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution
The 13th amendment, which formally abolished slavery in the United States of America, passed the U.S. Senate on April 8, 1864, and the U.S. House of Representatives on January 31, 1865.

On February 1, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln approved the Joint Resolution of Congress submitting the proposed amendment to the state legislatures. The necessary number of states ratified it by December 6, 1865. The 13th amendment to the United States Constitution provides that “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”

In 1863 President Lincoln had issued the Emancipation Proclamation declaring “all persons held as slaves within any State, or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.” Nonetheless, the Emancipation Proclamation did not end slavery in the nation. Lincoln recognized that the Emancipation Proclamation would have to be followed by a constitutional amendment in order to guarantee the abolishment of slavery.

The 13th amendment was passed at the end of the Civil War before the Southern states had been restored to the Union and should have easily passed the Congress. Although the Senate passed it in April 1864, the House did not. At that point, Lincoln took an active role to ensure passage through congress. He insisted that passage of the 13th amendment be added to the Republican Party platform for the upcoming Presidential elections. His efforts met with success when the House passed the bill in January 1865 with a vote of 119–56.

With the adoption of the 13th amendment, the United States found a final constitutional solution to the issue of slavery. The 13th amendment, along with the 14th and 15th, is one of the trio of Civil War amendments that greatly expanded the civil rights of Americans.

The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution
In 1868, the 14th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States granted citizenship and equal civil and legal rights to African Americans and those enslaved who had been emancipated after the American Civil War, including them under the umbrella phrase “all persons born or naturalized in the United States.”

The 15th Amendment to the United States Constitution
The 15th Amendment granted African American men the right to vote, when it was adopted into the U.S. Constitution on March 30, 1870…. “the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.”. It would not be until the Voting Rights Act of 1965 that the law stated all states must remove legal barriers at the state and local levels that denied African Americans their right to vote under the 15th Amendment.

Source: The Our Documents initiative- A cooperative effort among National History Day, The National Archives and Records Administration, and USA Freedom Corps.

Video: The Emancipation Proclamation 150th Anniversary

Video: How the media depicted The Emancipation Proclamation

Video: Why the reason for the 13th Amendment that formally abolished slavery in the United States of America February 1, 1865
The 13th Amendment was ratified December 6, 1865 and officially ended the institution of slavery in the United States of America.

Video: The 14th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution
Granted U.S. citizenship and equal civil and legal rights to African Americans

Video: Martin Luther King, Jr and his meeting with President John F Kennedy and his request for a 2nd Emancipation Proclamation

Video: The 15th Amendment and Voting Rights 1965 -President Lyndon B. Johnson

Video: Civil Rights Act of 1968 -President Lyndon B. Johnson
The Civil Rights Act signed into law in April 1968 (Fair Housing Act) prohibited discrimination concerning the sale, rental and financing of housing based on race, religion, national origin and sex. Intended as a follow-up to the Civil Rights Act of 1964. It law was passed quickly by the U.S. House of Representatives in the days after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. The act stands as the final great legislative achievement of the civil rights era

Video: Desegregation of Boston public schools in 1975- busing

Video: Charlotte, NC- Busing and Public School Integration
In the 1971 Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education ruling, the Supreme Court ruled that the federal courts had the discretion to include busing as a desegregation tool to achieve racial balance.

Video: Racism in America- The Philadelphia, Pennsylvania suburb of Levittown in 1950s

Video: A movie on racism in the South


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One Comment on “New Year’s Day -January 1, 2013 will be the 150th Anniversary of the Emancipation Proclamation”

  1. Marvin S. Robinson,II Says:

    Outstanding and THANK YOU: for doing what you’re doing in getting our cultural heritage information out there


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