Nigeria celebrates its 100 year union created by the British

Nigeria celebrates its 100 year union created by the British

Nigeria is marking a century of its existence following the amalgamation of the mainly Muslim north and Africans who followed Traditional African Religions, who were converted into Christians, in the south under British colonial rule in 1914.
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Modern-day Nigeria came into being on January 1, 1914, with the formal amalgamation of the Northern and Southern Protectorates of the former British colony. Therefore January 1, 2014, marks 100 years of the union. The Centenary celebration offers a unique opportunity to focus global attention on the country’s history, peoples, achievements, and aspirations.

Source: Nigeria Centenary

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Nigeria: Centenary Celebration – Every Nigerian Deserves

Vanguard

ABUJA — Vice President Namadi Sambo has said every Nigerian who had contributed or is still contributing to nation-building is a winner in the centenary celebrations.

Sambo stated this in Abuja in a welcome address at the centenary awards and dinner chaired by President Goodluck Jonathan.

The Vice President said while 100 people had been selected for the centenary awards, many more Nigerians are deserving of it. “They are by no means not only the people to be celebrated, there are many more Nigerians. “But, as the saying goes, many are called, few are chosen, he said.

The Vice President also praised the former Heads of State and Presidents who were at the event.

Former Nigerian leaders at the event include:  Yakubu Gowon, Chief Olusegun Obasanjo, Alhaji Shehu Shagari and Gen. Muhammadu Buhari

Others are: Gen. Ibrahim Babangida, Chief Ernest Shonekan and Gen. Abdusalami Abubakar

The Presidents of Seirra-Leone and Togo, Bai Koroma and Joyce Banda respectively, as well as the Vice President of Kenya, Williams Ruto, were at the dinner. (NAN)
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Nigeria Union

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Video: BBC News Nigeria marks its 100th birthday despite troubles

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Video: ​Nigeria celebrates 100 years with musical concert and fireworks

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Video: Nigerian government honors 100 people with Nigeria Centenary Awards

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Video: Nigeria’s Story: A nation was born Nearly 100 years ago

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The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa

Frederick Lugard

Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, the colonial administrator of Hong Kong and Nigeria for Britain, pushed for indirect rule in colonial Africa. Lugard outlined the reasons and methods that should be employed in the colonization of Africa by Britain. It included spreading Christianity and saw state sponsored colonization as a way to protect Christian missionaries and foreign powers. Although the Protestants Christian faith was brought by the British into Africa other European powers adopted some of these principals to convert Africans into Catholic Christians.

British in Nigeria

Nigeria 1914

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Nigeria’s mother

Flora Shaw

Flora Louisa Shaw was Colonial Editor for The Times in London.

Flora Shaw, Lady Lugard (1852–1929) was the first female reporter for The Times, and colonial editor from 1893 to 1900. She traveled widely, and wrote hundreds of articles promoting the British Empire and in favor of its expansion as a world power. She became very involved in South African politics as a friend of Cecil Rhodes, and on January 8, 1897 coined the name ‘Nigeria’ in The Times for the British colony under the administration of the Royal Niger Company. The new name “Nigeria” worked better than “Central Sudan”. Flora Shaw thought that the term “Sudan” at this time was associated with a territory in the Nile basin (Nubia or Upper Egypt), the current countries of Sudan and South Sudan.

In 1902 Flora Shaw married Sir Frederick Lugard.

Lord Frederick Lugard  and his wife Dame Flora Shaw

Lugard

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A Tropical Dependency

In 1905 Flora Shaw published A Tropical Dependency, her most extensive work. Although expressing views which assume European superiority, she stressed the fact that the vast majority of the British Empire was not white, and the book is valuable for its information on pre-colonial northern Africa.

Tropical Dependency

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Tropical Dependency

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Sudan
The Western Soudan (or Sudan) is a historic region in the northern part of West Africa. Traditionally, the Western Sudan extends from the Atlantic Ocean across to the basin of Lake Chad

Tropical Dependency

Tropical Dependency

Tropical Dependency

Tropical Dependency
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1913 Africa map showing the impact of European Christian missionary locations and the location of Traditional African Religion and Islam
Europeans referred to Traditional African Religion by the name Heathens and referred to Islam by the name Mohammedans.
Religion in Africa 1913 map
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Christianity arrived in Africa by non-black Africans
Ethiopian Orthodox Christians
Coptic Orthodox, Ethiopian Orthodox, Eritrean Orthodox
St. Frumentius

Ethiopia (Axum) was converted to Christianity through the efforts of a non-black African by the name of St. Frumentius around 380 AD (or CE/Common Era)
Frumentius was a Syrophoenician (Syria and Phoenicia) Greek born in Tyre. Tyre became a Roman province in 64 BC (or BCE/Before Common Era).

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Africa European administrative divisions 1950
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Africa administrative divisions 1950

Africa European administrative divisions 1960
Africa administrative divisions December 1960

Africa European administrative divisions 1965
Africa administrative divisions December 1965
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Read the entire book here

A Tropical Dependency – By Flora Louise Shaw Lugard

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Video: Queen Elizabeth II’s first visit to Nigeria

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Video: Southern Nigeria Prepares for Independence

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Video: Northern Nigeria Prepares for Independence

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Video: British Lost Empire – Documentary (India, Canada, Nigeria, Australia)

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