U.S. unemployment rate 4.9 percent in February 2016

March 4, 2016

U.S. unemployment rate

U.S. unemployment rate 4.9 percent in February 2016
White men 3.9%, White women 3.9%, Black men 8.6%, Black women 7.9%

US Unemployment February 2016

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 242,000 in February, and the unemployment rate was unchanged at 4.9 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Employment gains occurred in health care and social assistance, retail trade, food services and drinking places, and private educational services. Job losses continued in mining.

In February, the unemployment rate held at 4.9 percent, and the number of unemployed persons, at 7.8 million, was unchanged. Over the year, the unemployment rate and the number of unemployed persons were down by 0.6 percentage point and 831,000, respectively.

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (4.5 percent), adult women (4.5 percent), teenagers (15.6 percent), Whites (4.3 percent), Blacks (8.8 percent), Asians (3.8 percent), and Hispanics (5.4 percent) showed little or no change in February.

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) was essentially unchanged at 2.2 million in February and has shown little movement since June. In February, these individuals accounted for 27.7 percent of the unemployed.

The employment-population ratio edged up to 59.8 percent over the month, and the labor force participation rate edged up to 62.9 percent. Both measures have increased by 0.5 percentage point since September.

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (also referred to as involuntary part-time workers) was unchanged in February at 6.0 million and has shown little movement since November. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job.

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 242,000 in February. Job growth occurred in health care and social assistance, retail trade, food services and drinking places, and private educational services. Mining employment continued to decline.

Health care and social assistance added 57,000 jobs in February. Health care employment increased by 38,000 over the month, with job gains in ambulatory health care services (+24,000) and hospitals (+11,000). Over the past 12 months, hospitals have added 181,000 jobs. In February, employment rose by 19,000 in social assistance, mostly in individual and family services (+14,000).

Retail trade continued to add jobs in February (+55,000). Employment rose in food and beverage stores (+15,000) and other general merchandise stores (+13,000). Retail trade has added 339,000 jobs over the past 12 months.

Food services and drinking places added 40,000 jobs in February. Over the year, employment in the industry has grown by 359,000.

Employment in private educational services rose by 28,000 in February, after edging down by 20,000 in the prior month.

Construction employment continued to trend up in February (+19,000), with a gain of 14,000 in residential specialty trade contractors. Employment in construction was up by 253,000 over the past 12 months, with residential specialty trade contractors accounting for about half of the increase.

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Video: Wall Street Reacts to February Jobs Report- Feb 2015

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Video: George H.W. Bush on Ronald Reagan’s “Voodoo Economics”

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Video: Bush-Reagan 1980 Republican Debate on taxes

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Video: Ronald Reagan and the Economy: the 1982 Recession

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Video: Ronald Reagan-Address on Tax Increase and Budget Legislation (August 16, 1982)

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Video: George H.W. Bush “Read my lips, no new taxes”

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Video: George H.W. Bush tax increase

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Video: 1999 Byron Dorgan Gramm Leach Bliley Act warning Part 1

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Video: 1999 Byron Dorgan Gramm Leach Bliley Act warning Part 2

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Video: Bill Clinton Gives Remarks On Signing Gramm Leach Bliley Act

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Rachel Maddow Show: Somebody Saw It Coming-Byron Dorgan on the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act

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The Great Recession by the numbers

Dilemma X

The Great Recession and the Global Financial Crisis began in December 2007. By December 2008 the unemployment rate reached 7.2% and reached its peak in October 2009 with an unemployment rate of 10.2%. The financial crisis was triggered by a complex problems in the United States banking system, the U.S. housing bubble and other financial failures.

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President Barack Obama assumed office January 20, 2009.
In January 2009 the number of unemployed persons was 11.6 million and the unemployment rate was 7.6%.

Unemployment peaked in October 2009 with an unemployment rate of 10.2% and 15.7 million unemployed persons.

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Between January 2009 and March, 2009 more than 2 million jobs were lost and 663,000 were lost in March 2009 alone. The number of unemployed persons increased to 13.2 million that month.
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George W. Bush served as the 43rd President of the United States from January 20, 2001 – January 20, 2009
January 2001 the nation’s unemployment rate was 4.2% with a total of 6.0 million unemployed persons. Unemployment rate was the following: whites 3.6% and for blacks 8.4%.
January 2008 the nation’s unemployment rate was 4.9% with a total of 7.6 million unemployed persons. Unemployment rate was the following: whites 4.4% and for blacks 9.2%.
December 2008 the nation’s unemployment rate was 7.2% with a total of 11.1 million unemployed persons. Unemployment rate was the following: whites 6.6% and for blacks 11.9%.
January 2009 the nation’s unemployment rate was 7.6% with a total of 11.6 million unemployed persons. For whites the unemployment rate was 6.9% and for African Americans it was 12.6%.
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Bill Clinton served as the 42nd President of the United States from January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001
January 1994 the nation’s unemployment rate was 5.4% with a total of 7.2 million unemployed persons. Unemployment rate was the following: whites 4.8% and for blacks 9.8%.
In September 2000 the unemployment rate was 3.9%. This was the first time the nation’s unemployment rate had been below 4.0% since January 1970. Unemployment rate was the following: whites 3.5% and for blacks 7.0%.
January 2000 the nation’s unemployment rate was 4.0% with a total of 5.7 million unemployed persons. Unemployment rate was the following: whites 3.5% and for blacks 7.6%.
December 2000 the nation’s unemployment rate was 4.0% with a total of 5.7 million unemployed persons. Unemployment rate was the following: whites 3.5% and for blacks 7.6%.
January 2001 the nation’s unemployment rate was 4.2%. The number of unemployed persons rose to 5.95 million. Unemployment rate was the following: whites 3.6% and for blacks 8.4%.

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February 2016
African American unemployment

African American unemployment for February 2016 remained 8.8% (Seasonally adjusted)

African American unemployment for January 2016 was 8.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for May 2015 was 10.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for April 2015 was 9.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for March 2015 was 10.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for February 2015 was 10.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for January 2015 was 10.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for December 2014 was 10.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for November 2014 was 11.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for October 2014 was 10.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for September 2014 was 11.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for August 2014 was 11.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for July 2014 was 11.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for June 2014 was 10.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for May 2014 was 11.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for January 2014 was 12.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for December 2013 was 11.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for November 2013 was 12.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for October 2013 was 13.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for September 2013 was 12.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for August 2013 was 13.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for July 2013 was 12.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for June 2013 was 13.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for May 2013 was 13.5%(Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for April 2013 was 13.2%(Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for March 2013 was 13.3%(Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for February 2013 was 13.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for January 2013 was 13.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for December 2012 was 14.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for November 2012 was 13.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for October 2012 was 14.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for September 2012 was13.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for August 2012 was 14.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for July 2012 was 14.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for June 2012 was 14.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for May 2012 was 13.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for April 2012 was 13.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for March 2012 was 14.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for February 2012 was 14.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for January 2012 was 13.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for December 2011 was to 15.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for November 2011 was 15.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for October 2011 was 15.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for September 2011 was 15.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for August 2011 was 16.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for July 2011 was 15.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for June 2011 was 16.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for May 2011 was 16.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for April 2011 was 16.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
African American unemployment for May 2010 was 15.3% (Seasonally adjusted)

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By Sex African American unemployment for men 20 years and over
February 2016 increased to 8.6% (Seasonally adjusted)

January 2016 was 8.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2015 was 10.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2015 was 9.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
March 2015 was 10.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
February 2015 was 10.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2015 was 10.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2014 was 11.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2014 was 11.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2014 was 10.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2014 was 11.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2014 was 10.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2014 was 11.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2014 was 10.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2014 was 11.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2014 was 12.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2013 was 11.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2013 was 12.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2013 was 13.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2013 was 14.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2013 was 13.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2013 was 12.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2013 was 13.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2013 was 13.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2013 was 13.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
March 2013 was 12.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
February 2013 was 12.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2013 was 13.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2012 was 14.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2012 was 12.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2012 was 14.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2012 was 14.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2012 was 14.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2012 was 14.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2012 was 14.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2012 was 14.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2012 was 13.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
March 2012 was 13.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
February 2012 was 14.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2012 was 12.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2011 was 15.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2011 was 16.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2011 was 16.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2011 was 16.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2011 was 18.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2011 was 17.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2011 was 17.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2011 was 17.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2011 was 17.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2010 was 17.0% (Not seasonally adjusted)
September 2009 was 15.5% (Not seasonally adjusted)
August 2010 was at 17.3%

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African American unemployment for women 20 years and over
February 2016 remained 7.9% (Seasonally adjusted)

January 2016 was 7.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2015 was 8.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2015 was 8.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
March 2015 was 9.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
February 2015 was 8.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2015 was 8.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2014 was 8.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2014 was 9.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2014 was 9.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2014 was 9.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2014 was 10.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2014 was 10.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2014 was 9.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2014 was 10.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2014 was 10.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2013 was 10.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2013 was 11.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2013 was 11.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2013 was 10.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2013 was 10.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2013 was 10.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2013 was 12.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2013 was 11.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2013 was 11.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
March 2013 was 12.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
February 2013 was 12.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2013 was 12.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2012 was 12.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2012 was 11.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2012 was 12.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2012 was 10.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2012 was 12.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2012 was 11.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2012 was 12.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2012 was 11.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2012 was 10.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
March 2012 was 12.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
February 2012 was 12.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2012 was 12.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2011 was 13.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2011 was 13.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2011 was 12.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2011 was 13.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2011 was 13.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2011 was 13.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2011 was 13.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2011 was 13.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2011 was 13.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2010 was 12.0% (Not seasonally adjusted)
September 2009 was 13.4% (Not seasonally adjusted)
August 2010 was 13.2%

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African American unemployment for both sexes, 16 to 19 years
February 2016 decreased to 23.3% (Seasonally adjusted)

January 2016 was 25.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2015 was 30.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2015 was 27.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
March 2015 was 25.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
February 2015 was 30.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2015 was 29.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2014 was 33.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2014 was 28.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2014 was 32.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2014 was 30.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2014 was 32.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2014 was 34.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2014 was 33.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2014 was 31.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2014 was 38.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2013 was 35.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2013 was 35.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2013 was 36.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2013 was 35.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2013 was 38.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2013 was 41.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2013 was 43.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2013 was 42.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
Apil 2013 was 40.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
March 2013 was 33.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
February 2013 was 43.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2013 was 37.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2012 was 40.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2012 was 39.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2012 was 40.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2012 was 36.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2012 was 37.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2012 was 36.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2012 was 39.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2012 was 36.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2012 was 38.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
March 2012 was 40.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
February 2012 was 34.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2012 was 38.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2011 was 42.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2011 was 39.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2011 was 37.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2011 was 43.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2011 was 46.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2011 was 39.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2011 was 39.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2011 was 40.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2011 was 41.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2010 was 38.4% (Not seasonally adjusted)
September 2009 was 40.7% (Not seasonally adjusted)
August 2010 was 45.4%

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February 2016
White unemployment
White unemployment for February 2016 remained 4.3% (Seasonally adjusted)

White unemployment for January 2016 was 4.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for May 2015 was 4.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for April 2015 was 4.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for March 2015 was 4.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for February 2015 was 4.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for January 2015 was 4.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for December 2014 was 4.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for November 2014 was 4.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for October 2014 was 4.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for September 2014 was 5.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for August 2014 was 5.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for July 2014 was 5.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for June 2014 was 5.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for May 2014 was 5.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for January 2014 was 5.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for December 2013 was 5.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for November 2013 was 6.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for October 2013 was 6.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for September 2013 was 6.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for August 2013 was 6.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for July 2013 was 6.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for June 2013 was 6.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for May 2013 was 6.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for April 2013 was 6.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for March 2013 was 6.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for February 2013 was 6.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for January 2013 was 7.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for December 2012 was 6.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for November 2012 was 6.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for October 2012 was 7.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for September 2012 was 7.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for August 2012 was 7.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for July 2012 was 7.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for June 2012 was 7.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for May 2012 was 7.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for April 2012 was 7.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for March 2012 was 7.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for February 2012 was 7.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for January 2012 was 7.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for December 2011 was 7.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for November 2011 was 7.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for October 2011 was 8.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for September 2011 was 7.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for August 2011 was 7.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for July 2011 was 7.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for June 2011 was 8.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for May 2011 was 7.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
White unemployment for May 2010 was 8.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
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By Sex White unemployment for men 20 years and over
February 2016 remained 3.9% (Seasonally adjusted)

January 2016 was 3.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2015 was 4.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2015 was 4.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
March 2015 was 4.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
February 2015 was 4.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2015 was 4.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2014 was 4.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2014 was 4.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2014 was 4.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2014 was 4.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2014 was 4.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2014 was 4.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2014 was 4.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2014 was 5.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2014 was 5.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2013 was 5.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2013 was 6.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2013 was 6.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2013 was 6.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2013 was 6.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2013 was 6.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2013 was 6.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2013 was 6.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2013 was 6.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
March 2013 was 6.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
February 2013 was 6.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2013 was 6.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2012 was 6.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2012 was 6.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2012 was 6.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2012 was 6.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2012 was 6.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2012 was % (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2012 was 6.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2012 was 7.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2012 was 7.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2012 was 6.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
March 2012 was 6.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
February 2012 was 6.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2012 was 6.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2011 was 7.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2011 was 7.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2011 was 7.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2011 was 7.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2011 was 7.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2011 was 7.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2011 was 8.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2011 was 7.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2011 was 7.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2010 was 8.4% (Not seasonally adjusted)
September 2009 was 8.7% (Not seasonally adjusted)
August 2010 was 8.9%

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White unemployment for women unemployment 20 years and over
February 2016 remained 3.9% (Seasonally adjusted)

January 2016 was 3.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2015 was 4.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2015 was 4.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
March 2015 was 4.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
February 2015 was 4.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2015 was 4.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2014 was 4.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2014 was 4.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2014 was 4.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2014 was 4.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2014 was 4.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2014 was 4.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2014 was 4.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2014 was 4.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2014 was 5.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2013 was 5.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2013 was 5.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2013 was 5.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2013 was 5.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2013 was 5.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2013 was 5.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2013 was 6.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2013 was 5.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2013 was 5.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
March 2013 was 6.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
February 2013 was 6.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2013 was 6.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2012 was 6.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2012 was 6.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2012 was 6.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2012 was 6.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2012 was 6.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2012 was 6.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2012 was 6.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2012 was 6.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2012 was 6.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
March 2012 was 6.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
February 2012 was 6.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2012 was 6.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2011 decreased to 6.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2011 was 6.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2011 was 7.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2011 was 7.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2011 was 7.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2011 was 7.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2011 was 7.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2011 was 7.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2011 was 7.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2010 was 7.0% (Not seasonally adjusted)
September 2009 was 7.2% (Not seasonally adjusted)
August 2010 was 7.1%

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White unemployment for both sexes, 16 to 19 years
February 2016 decreased to 13.9% (Seasonally adjusted)

January 2016 was 14.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2015 was 15.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2015 was 14.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
March 2015 was 15.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
February 2015 was 15.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2015 was 16.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2014 was 14.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2014 was 15.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2014 was 16.34 (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2014 was 18.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2014 was 17.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2014 was 18.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2014 was 18.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2014 was 16.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2014 was 17.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2013 was 18.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2013 was 18.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2013 was 19.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2013 was 19.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2013 was 19.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2013 was 20.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2013 was 20.4% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2013 was 21.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2013 was 21.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
March 2013 was 22.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
February 2013 was 22.1% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2013 was 20.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
December 2012 was 21.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2012 was 20.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2012 was 20.6% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2012 was 21.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2012 was 22.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2012 was 21.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2012 was 20.9% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2012 was 22.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2012 was 22.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
March 2012 was 22.5% (Seasonally adjusted)
February 2012 was 21.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
January 2012 was 21.1% (Seasonally adjusted) D
December 2011 was 20.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
November 2011 was 21.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
October 2011 was 21.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
September 2011 was 21.2% (Seasonally adjusted)
August 2011 was 22.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
July 2011 was 23.0% (Seasonally adjusted)
June 2011 was 21.8% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2011 was 20.7% (Seasonally adjusted)
April 2011 was 22.3% (Seasonally adjusted)
May 2010 was 25.1% (Not seasonally adjusted)
September 2009 was 23.0% (Not seasonally adjusted)
August 2010 was 23.8%
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Seasonally Adjusted
Not Seasonally Adjusted
Seasonal adjustment is a statistical method for removing the seasonal component of a time series used when analyzing non-seasonal trends. Whereas, not-seasonally-adjusted reflects the actual current data. It is normal to report not-seasonally-adjusted data for current unemployment rates. Seasonally adjusted data may be used for the longer term comparison. Total employment and unemployment vary throughout the year. For example,higher unemployment in January and February isn’t uncommon because of work in agriculture, construction and other seasonal industries slowing down. Also, both employment and unemployment rise every June, when students enter the labor force in search of summer jobs. Seasonally adjusted numbers also take into account seasonal hiring/layoff patterns that go along with winter and summer holidays.

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Historical Employment Data for African Americans
Click images to enlarge. Click your back arrow to return to Dilemma X

Data below come from U.S. federal reports released in 1968 and in 1974, for the year 1973.

Historical Unemployment Data

Historical Unemployment Data

Historical Unemployment Data 1960-1973

Historical Unemployment Data 1960-1973

Historical Unemployment Data 1960-1973

Historical Unemployment Data 1960-1973

Historical Income Data 1973- 01

Historical Income Data 1973

Historical Unemployment Data 1960-1973

Historical Unemployment Data 1960-1973

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