Harriet Tubman to appear on $20 bill
WASHINGTON, DC — The U.S. Treasury Department has selected Harriet Tubman, an African-American who helped thousands of enslaved Africans in America to freedom, will replace the slaveholding U.S. President Andrew Jackson on the center of a new $20 note. Alexander Hamilton will remain on the face of the $10 bill.
In 1928, Andrew Jackson’s face was selected to replace Grover Cleveland’s on the $20 note.
There are more $20 bills in circulation, according to Federal Reserve data, about 8.1 billion. Only the $1 and the $100 exist in larger quantities. According to the Federal Reserve, there is approximately $1.39 trillion worth of Federal Reserve notes in circulation. The Bureau of Engraving and Printing -U.S. Department of the Treasury prints billions of dollars – referred to as Federal Reserve notes.
CNN reported in 2009:
The first African American to appear on a circulating coin was York, an enslaved African who accompanied Lewis and Clark on their “Corps of Discovery” adventures across America at the dawn of the 19th century. The 2003 Missouri quarter features the three men together in a canoe on the obverse.
The U.S. Mint distinguishes between circulating coins, which are intended for daily use, and commemorative ones, which mark special occasions.
African Americans including Jackie Robinson, who broke baseball’s color barrier, have appeared on commemorative coins. Educator Booker T. Washington, botanist George Washington Carver and the first Revolutionary War casualty, Crispus Attucks, all of whom were black, have also appeared on commemorative coins, according to the U.S. Mint. The United States Mint launched a new coin, in 2009, featuring jazz legend Duke Ellington, making him the first African American to appear by himself on a circulating U.S. coin.
Treasury Secretary Lew Announces Front of New $20 to Feature Harriet Tubman, Lays Out Plans for New $20, $10 and $5
April 20, 2016
WASHINGTON – In a letter to the American people, Treasury Secretary Jacob J. Lew today announced plans for the new $20, $10 and $5 notes, with the portrait of Harriet Tubman to be featured on the front of the new $20.
Secretary Lew also announced plans for the reverse of the new $10 to feature an image of the historic march for suffrage that ended on the steps of the Treasury Department and honor the leaders of the suffrage movement—Lucretia Mott, Sojourner Truth, Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Alice Paul. The front of the new $10 note will maintain the portrait of Alexander Hamilton.
Finally, he announced plans for the reverse of the new $5 to honor events at the Lincoln Memorial that helped to shape our history and our democracy and prominent individuals involved in those events, including Marian Anderson, Eleanor Roosevelt and Martin Luther King Jr.
The reverse of the new $20 will feature images of the White House and President Andrew Jackson.
In his letter, Secretary Lew noted that the Bureau of Engraving and Printing will work closely with the Federal Reserve to accelerate work on the new $20 and $5 notes, with the goal that all three new notes go into circulation as quickly as possible, consistent with security requirements.
Treasury secretary discusses Hamilton the musical’s impact on $20 bill change
Harriet Tubman was once known as “Minty”. Here is a notice published in the Cambridge Democrat newspaper about she and her brothers Henry and Ben who had escaped enslavement in 1849.
What You Never Knew About Harriet Tubman
America: Harriet Tubman
President Andrew Jackson
Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845) was the 7th President of the United States (1829–1837). Andrew Jackson was a staunch opponent of paper money in the United States.
Slavery was the source of Andrew Jackson’s wealth. The Hermitage was a 1,000 acre, self-sustaining plantation that relied completely on the labor of enslaved African American men, women, and children.
When Andrew Jackson bought The Hermitage in 1804, he had 9 enslaved African Americans. Just 25 years later that number had swelled to over 100 through purchase and reproduction. At the time of his death in 1845, Andrew Jackson was enslaving approximately 150 African descent people who lived and worked on the property.
President Andrew Jackson forced relocated Native Americans to Oklahoma and give their land to white Southerners under the Indian Removal Act, known as the Trail of Tears.
Andrew Jackson and His Home, The Hermitage (located in Tennessee)
N.C. Department of Natural and Cultural Resources
Religion of former enslaved Africans after slavery ended in the United States