United States: H.R. 40 Commission to Study Reparation Proposals for African-Americans Act

United States: H.R. 40 Commission to Study Reparation Proposals for African-Americans Act
America: Slavery and Jim Crow

Reparations

Introduced: Jan 6, 2015
Status: Referred to Committee on Jan 6, 2015
This bill was assigned to a congressional committee on January 6, 2015, which will consider it before possibly sending it on to the House or Senate as a whole.
Sponsor: John Conyers Jr.
Representative for Michigan’s 13th congressional district
Democrat

To acknowledge the fundamental injustice, cruelty, brutality, and inhumanity of slavery in the United States and the 13 American colonies between 1619 and 1865 and to establish a commission to examine the institution of slavery, subsequently de jure and de facto racial and economic discrimination against African-Americans, and the impact of these forces on living African-Americans, to make recommendations to the Congress on appropriate remedies, and for other purposes.

Click link below to read full text
H.R. 40 Commission to Study Reparation Proposals for African-Americans Act

History of Earlier Versions Introduced
H.R. 40
JAN 7, 1997
105th Congress, 1997–1998
105th Congress, 1997–1998
Status: Died in a previous Congress
This bill was introduced on January 7, 1997, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted.
Sponsor: John Conyers Jr.
Representative for Michigan’s 14th congressional district
Democrat

JAN 6, 1999
106th Congress, 1999–2000
Status: Died in a previous Congress
This bill was introduced on January 6, 1999, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted.
Sponsor: John Conyers Jr.
John Conyers Jr.
Representative for Michigan’s 14th congressional district
Democrat

JAN 3, 2001
107th Congress, 2001–2002
Status: Died in a previous Congress
This bill was introduced on January 3, 2001, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted.
Sponsor: John Conyers Jr.
Representative for Michigan’s 14th congressional district
Democrat

JAN 7, 2003
108th Congress, 2003–2004
Status: Died in a previous Congress
This bill was introduced on January 7, 2003, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted.
Sponsor: John Conyers Jr.
Representative for Michigan’s 14th congressional district
Democrat

JAN 4, 2005
109th Congress, 2005–2006
Status: Died in a previous Congress
This bill was introduced on January 4, 2005, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted.
Sponsor: John Conyers Jr.
Representative for Michigan’s 14th congressional district
Democrat

JAN 4, 2007
110th Congress, 2007–2009
Status: Died in a previous Congress
This bill was introduced on January 4, 2007, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted.
Sponsor: John Conyers Jr.
Representative for Michigan’s 14th congressional district
Democrat

JAN 6, 2009
111th Congress, 2009–2010
Status: Died in a previous Congress
This bill was introduced on January 6, 2009, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted.
Sponsor: John Conyers Jr.
Representative for Michigan’s 14th congressional district
Democrat

JAN 5, 2011
112th Congress, 2011–2013
Status: Died in a previous Congress
This bill was introduced on January 5, 2011, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted.
Sponsor: John Conyers Jr.
Representative for Michigan’s 14th congressional district
Democrat

JAN 3, 2013
113th Congress, 2013–2015
Status: Died in a previous Congress
This bill was introduced on January 3, 2013, in a previous session of Congress, but was not enacted.
Sponsor: John Conyers Jr.
Representative for Michigan’s 13th congressional district
Democrat

JAN 6, 2015
114th Congress, 2015–2017
Mr. Conyers introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

________

Illinois General Assembly
Study Reparations for Slavery

Click link below to read full text
HR1011 Illinois

Illinois state House Sponsors:
Rep. La Shawn K. Ford – Mary E. Flowers – Litesa E. Wallace – Monique D. Davis – Camille Y. Lilly and Marcus C. Evans, Jr.

Synopsis As Introduced
Requests President Obama to commission a study to detail the economic impact of the slave trade and the use of slave labor; and how Emancipation, while freeing them of their literal bonds, and ending an immoral practice, did not guarantee equality in education, employment, housing, and access to quality affordable health care; that this study also include an analysis for how reparations for past harms have benefited the ethnic groups that have received them during the course of American history; and a proposal for reparations to the descendants of slaves in America, and how those reparations can help overcome obstacles that still exist today in education, employment, housing, health care, and justice.

Illinois House History
February 10, 2016 – Filed with the Clerk by Rep. La Shawn K. Ford
February 11, 2016 – Referred to Rules Committee
February 23, 2016 – Assigned to Restorative Justice Committee
March 3, 2016 – Recommends Be Adopted Restorative Justice Committee; 009-000-000
March 3, 2016 – Placed on Calendar Order of Resolutions
March 3, 2016 – Added Chief Co-Sponsor Rep. Mary E. Flowers
March 3, 2016 – Added Chief Co-Sponsor Rep. Litesa E. Wallace
March 3, 2016 – Added Chief Co-Sponsor Rep. Monique D. Davis
March 3, 2016 – Added Chief Co-Sponsor Rep. Camille Y. Lilly
March 3, 2016 – Added Co-Sponsor Rep. Marcus C. Evans, Jr.
April 6 , 2016 –  House Floor Amendment No. 1 Filed with Clerk by Rep. La Shawn K. Ford
April 6, 2016 – House Floor Amendment No. 1 Referred to Rules Committee
April 6, 2016 – House Floor Amendment No. 1 Rules Refers to Restorative Justice Committee
April 7, 2016 – House Floor Amendment No. 1 Recommends Be Adopted Restorative Justice Committee; 007-000-000
June 30, 2016 – House Floor Amendment No. 1 Adopted
June 30, 2016 – Resolution Adopted as Amended

________
Video: Hillary Clinton speaks about Reparations for African Americans

_________
Video: Green Party presidential candidate Jill Stein speaks about Reparations for African Americans

_________
Video: 2008 Democratic presidential debate – Barack Obama speaks about Reparations for African Americans

__________

America’s Congressional and State apologies for Slavery and Jim Crow/Apartheid
Reparations: Martin Luther King Jr. , Barack Obama

https://dilemma-x.net/2013/01/20/2013-barack-obamas-2nd-term-inauguration-martin-luther-king-jr-and-reparations/

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