The Swinging Pendulum -Hate vs Progress
A Historical Flashback -Women’s Suffrage: The majority of white women rejected Hillary Clinton for Donald Trump
How did Hillary Clinton lose to Donald Trump? Partly due to the fact she did not win the white women’s vote.
Why did Hillary Clinton lose the presidency to Donald Trump?
On November 8, 2016, Hillary Clinton lost the election to Republican President-Elect Donald Trump. White women played a major role in why Hillary Clinton was not elected the first Woman president of the United States of America. Dilemma X takes this time to share historical newspaper articles showing how the White Women’s Suffrage Movement might relate to why Hillary Clinton did not win the majority support of White women voters.
The popular votes so far:
Donald Trump 62,238,425 (46.6% votes)
Hillary Clinton 64,156,255 (48.0% votes)
Trump defeated Clinton. But Clinton so far has won the popular vote by 1,917,830 votes
Video: 1993 Interview of Bill Clinton and Hillary Clinton – “First 100 Days In The White House”
Bill Clinton states that there will be a woman president in his lifetime
Video: Hillary Clinton fails to show up for her long time supporters at her campaign headquarters in New York City on Election Night
Suffrage, Franchise, Right To Vote
Before the Revolution, colonists generally did not vote for their governors. The English king appointed most governors. White colonists could vote for legislators to the lower house of their assemblies. Typically, white, male property owners twenty-one or older could vote. Some colonies required a voter to own a certain amount of land or land of a specified value.
The United States was not a democratic nation.
1788: With the ratification of the Constitution, all enslaved Africans are counted as 3/5’s of a single person on the national census.
1790: The Naturalization Act bars all persons of Asian descent from becoming naturalized. Only “free white” immigrants are recognized as eligible for naturalization.
In 1797 New Jersey made history by recognizing the right of white women to vote.
1792: New Hampshire becomes the first state to eliminate its property requirements, thereby extending the right to vote to almost all white men.
1807: White women lose the right to vote in every state in the US.
1856: North Carolina becomes the last state to eliminate its property requirements. The right to vote is extended to all white men in America.
Before emancipation, African Americans residing in 5 New England states could vote. Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont had extended the right to vote to Africans Americans. In New York, African Americans owning $250 in freehold property could also cast a ballot; however, the same property qualification did not apply to whites. In the South, where the overwhelming number of African Americans labored as enslaved people, the right to vote was limited to whites.
1882: Congress passes the Chinese Exclusion Act, which establishes restrictions and quotas on Chinese immigration while legally excluding Chinese persons from citizenship and voting.
1890: The Indian Naturalization Act allows Native Americans to acquire citizenship.
1922: The US Supreme Court rules that persons of Japanese origin are insufficiently white to qualify for citizenship in Takao Ozawa v. United States.
1924: The Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 declares all non-citizen Native Americans born in the USA to be citizens with the right to vote.
1943: The Chinese Exclusion Act is repealed, and Chinese persons are now eligible for naturalization.
1946: Filipinos receive the right to naturalization after almost 50 years of colonialism.
African American Males
The 13th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America declared that “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.” Formally abolishing slavery in the United States, the 13th Amendment was passed by the Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified by the states on December 6, 1865.
With abolition of slavery, African Americans sought the ballot as a means to claim their first-class citizenship.
The 14th Amendment, was passed by the United States Congress in 1866. Following its ratification by the necessary three-quarters of U.S. states, the 14th Amendment, guaranteeing to African Americans citizenship and all its privileges, was officially adopted into the U.S. Constitution on July 28, 1868. Native Americans were not American citizens under the Fourteenth Amendment with the right to vote.
The 1868 presidential election of was held on November 3, 1868. It was the first presidential election to take place after the American Civil War, during Reconstruction.
The 15th Amendment to the Constitution granted African American men the right to vote by declaring that the “right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.” Although ratified on February 3, 1870, the promise of the 15th Amendment would not be fully realized for almost a century.
The first African Americans to serve in the United States Congress were elected during the Reconstruction Era.
Joseph Rainey from South Carolina’s took office in the United States House of Representatives from December 12, 1870 to March 3, 1879. Many others followed.
Hiram Rhodes Revels, of Mississippi, was the first African American to serve in the United States Senate from February 23, 1870 to March 3, 1871. He was followed by Blanche Kelso Bruce, also of Mississippi, who served from March 4, 1875 to March 3, 1881.
In the decades after the adoption of 14th Amendment, the equal protection clause was was being challenged and African Americans were continuing to be treated as second class citizens. In 1896, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Plessy v. Ferguson that states could constitutionally provide segregated facilities for African American.
Disfranchisement began for African Americans
A system of American Apartheid/Jim Crow became the laws of the nations.
The last African American congressman elected from the South in the 1800s was George Henry White of North Carolina, elected in 1896 and re-elected in 1898. His term expired in 1901.
An African American would not serve in the United States Senate again until Edward William Brooke, from Massachusetts, who would serve from January 3, 1967 to January 3, 1979.
No African American served in Congress for the next 28 years, and none represented any Southern state for the next 72 years.
In 1954, Plessy v. Ferguson was finally struck down by the Supreme Court in its ruling in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka.
The American Apartheid system remained in place until the passing of the following laws: Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the the Civil Rights Act of 1968.
Video: Donald Trump issues “The Last Chance” call November 7, 2016
White Women’s Suffrage Movement and Racism
Historical flashback- How American newspapers reported the White Women’s Suffrage Movement
2016 presidential election – The Baby Boomers’ last hurrah?