Most Russians regret the collapse of the USSR
Only 12% of Russian citizens believe that the USSR should be revived as it was
An opinion poll conducted by Levada Center to mark the December anniversary of the signing of Belavezha Accords, more than half of Russians (56%) regret the collapse of the USSR.
As many as 28% of Russians said they did not regret the disintegration of the Soviet Union, although this point of view was shared by 37% a year ago.
More than half of those dissatisfied with the collapse of the USSR said that they were concerned about the destruction of the economic system of the country.
Thirty-one percent of respondents said that the collapse of the USSR led to growing mistrust and bitterness to others.
Only 12% of citizens believe that the USSR should be revived as it was.
Experts note that the level of nostalgia has reduced considerably, as this idea found 30 percent of supporters in 2001.
A quarter of respondents would support “a union of several republics,” while 21 percent said that they were satisfied with the Commonwealth of Independent States. The same number of people said that they would support a closer union among former Soviet republics, similarly to the European Union.
According to the survey, 51% of Russians believe that one could avoid the collapse of the USSR. Twenty-nine percent say that the collapse was inevitable. In addition, 29% of respondents said that the Belovezha Accords signed by the heads of the Russian, Ukrainian and Belarusian republics – Boris Yeltsin, Leonid Kravchuk and Stanislav Shushkevich about the formation of the CIS – was the main reason for the dissolution of the USSR.
Twenty-three percent of Russians believe that the Soviet Union broke up as a result of the intervention of “hostile foreign forces.” As many as 21% of Russians said that the country ceased to exist because people were dissatisfied with the Soviet administration of Mikhail Gorbachev. According to 14 percent, the country failed to handle the military burden on its economy. According to 13%, the communist ideology had been exhausted.
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Levada Analytical Center (Levada Center) is a Russian non-governmental research organization. The Centre regularly conducts sociological research. Levada-Center is one of the largest Russian centers in the field.
Staff of the center brings together experts in the field of sociology, political science, economics, psychology, market research, public opinion polls and organization of data processing. The team is guided by the principles of WAPOR and ESOMAR. Senior staff have been trained in the USA and Western Europe. The research team has been conducting regular public opinion polls across the country since 1988.
Levada Center has the network of 67 regional offices and maintains partnerships with centers of public opinion research in the CIS and Baltic countries.