U.S. Census Bureau
The black/African American population on July 1, 2015 was 46.3 million, up about 1.3 percent from July 1, 2014. The number of people who identified as black/African American in the 2010 Census was 42 million.
(This compares to the 2010 Brazilian Census when there were 97 million black Brazilians who comprised 50.7% of that nation’s population where the white population was 91 million or 47.7%. It marked the for the first time since records began, in Brazil, where blacks formed the majority of Brazil’s population.)
In 43 years, the projected black/African American population on July 1, 2060 is expected to reach 74.5 million.
The 3.8 million black/African American population in New York on July 1, 2015; the largest of any state or equivalent. Texas had the largest numeric increase since July 1, 2014 (94,000). The District of Columbia (Washington) had the highest percentage (50.0 percent), followed by Mississippi (38.3 percent).
The 1.3 million black/African American population in Cook County, Illnois home to Chicago), in 2015; the largest of any county. Harris County, Texas, had the largest numeric increase since 2014 (22,200) and Claiborne County, Mississippi, was the county with the highest percentage in the nation (85.1 percent).
The estimated number of black-owned employer firms in 2014 was 108,473.
The estimated number of black/African American-owned health care and social assistance firms, the largest sector of black-owned businesses was 31,216.
The health care and social assistance sector is followed by professional, scientific and technical support (15,078) and administrative, support, waste management and remediation services (9,644).
The number of black/African American-owned businesses totaled 1.9 million in 2007.
Serving Our Nation
The number of black/African American military veterans in the United States in 2015 was 2.2 million. Number of black/African American military veterans in the United States. In 2010, there were more at 2.4 million.
The percentage of the black/African American population age 25 and over with a bachelor’s degree or higher in 2015 was 20.2%. In 2010, it was 18%.
The number of black/African American people age 25 and over that attained an advanced degree in 2015 was 1.9 million. In 2010, it was 1.5 million.
The number of black/African American people enrolled in undergraduate college in 2015 was 2.8 million. In 2010, it was higher at 2.9 million.
The number of black/African American people who voted in the 2014 congressional election was 11.1 million. In 2010 it was 11.1 million.
The number of black/African American people who voted in the 2012 presidential election was 17.8 million. In comparison to the 2008 election, about 1.7 million additional black voters reported going to the polls in 2012.
The percentage of the black/African American population who voted in the 2012 presidential election was 66.2%, higher than the 64.1 percent of the non-Hispanic white population who did so. This marks the first time that the black/African American population voted at a higher rate than the white population since the Census Bureau started publishing statistics on voting by the eligible citizen population in 1996.
Turnout rate among black/African American citizens regardless of age in the 2008 presidential election was 65%.
Income, Poverty and Health Insurance
The annual median income of black/African American households in 2015 was $36,544, compared with the nation at $55,775. The annual median income of black/African American households in 2010 was $32,068.
The percentage of the black/African American population below the poverty level in 2015 was 25.4%, while nationally it was 14.7 percent
The percentage of the black/African American population with health insurance for all or part of 2015 was 88.9%. Nationally, the percentage of people with health insurance was 90.9 in 2015. Percentage of black/African American that were covered by health insurance during all or part of 2010 was 79.2%.
Families and Children
The percentage of households with a black/African American householder who had at least one relative present in 2016 was 59.5%. There were 9.8 million black/African American family households. In 2011, aAmong households with a black/African American householder, the percentage that contained a family was 62.5%.
The percentage of families with black/African American householders that were married couples in 2016 was 45.1%. In 2011, among families with black householders, the percentage that were married couples was 44.4%.
The number of black/African American grandparents who lived with their own grandchildren younger than age 18 in 2015 was 1.3 million. Of this number, 42.4 percent were also responsible for their care.
The percentage of the civilian employed black/ African American population age 16 and over who worked in management, business, science and arts occupations was 28.7%, while 37.1 percent of the total civilian employed population worked in these occupations.