A look back at when nations acquired their nuclear weapons

A look back at when nations acquired their nuclear weapons

Take a historical look back at how the United States has responded each time other nations of the world developed their nuclear weapons programs.

The following are videos of these past events.

United States of America
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Trinity was the code name of the first detonation of a nuclear weapon in the world.  It was conducted by the United States Army at 5:29 am on July 16, 1945.
Video: The Big Test 1945


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Video: Hiroshima: Dropping the Bomb

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Video: Footage: Atomic bomb drop in Hiroshima

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Video: Atomic bombing of Nagasaki

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Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (Russia)
Video: President Trumps and the U.S. response to Russia’s first nuclear weapon test detonated on August 29, 1949

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United Kingdom
Video: Operation Hurricane was the test of the first UK atomic device detonated, on October 3,1952, in the lagoon in the Monte Bello Islands in Western Australia

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France
Gerboise Bleue was the name of the first French nuclear test. It was an atomic bomb detonated near Reggane, in the middle of the Algerian Sahara desert on February 13, 1960.
Video: France test its first nuclear weapon defying a United Nations resolution along with the United States and the USSR

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United States Air Force presents
Video: Stay Safe -The Facts About Nuclear Weapons – 1960

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China
China established the Lop Nur Nuclear Test Base on October 16, 1959
The first Chinese nuclear bomb test, codenamed “596”, occurred at Lop Nur on October 16, 1964.
Video: President Johnson announces China’s first atomic bomb test 1964 and the U.S. response

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India
Jawaharlal Nehru, who on August 15, 1947, would become India’s first Prime Minister announced on June 26, 1946:
As long as the world is constituted as it is, every country will have to devise and use the latest devices for its protection. I have no doubt India will develop her scientific researches and I hope Indian scientists will use the atomic force for constructive purposes. But if India is threatened, she will inevitably try to defend herself by all means at her disposal.”

Video: Indira Gandhi lauds India‘s Nuclear program for other purposes

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Video: India first tested a nuclear device on May 18, 1974 (Smiling Buddha) under Prime Minister Indira Gandhi

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Video: President Clinton urges India to end its nuclear tests

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Video: India- Nuclear Tests – May 11,1998
India performed further nuclear tests in 1998
In August 1999, the Indian government released a draft of the doctrine[28] which asserts that nuclear weapons are solely for deterrence and that India will pursue a policy of “retaliation only”. As a response to the continuing tests, the United States and Japan imposed sanctions on India, which have since been lifted.

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Video: President Clinton orders sanctions on India after its nuclear test

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Video: President Clinton talks about India’s nuclear testing and Pakistan

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South Africa

In 1993, President F.W. DeKlerk revealed that South Africa had built 6 nuclear weapons and was in the process of building a 7th when his government decided to halt the program and destroy the nuclear devices. The political election held on April 27, 1994 mark the end of apartheid South Africa. Nelson R. Mandela would serve as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.

F.W. De Klerk: speaks on nuclear Africa- former President of South Africa
South Africa’s former president stated that they had nuclear weapons to protect Southern Africa’s natural resources. South Africa also had the weapons to keep out foreign influence.
F. W. de Klerk, was the 7th and last President of apartheid South Africa, serving from September 1989 to May 1994. He was preceded by P. W. Botha and succeeded by Nelson Mandela.

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Video: How and why South Africa removed its nuclear weapons
John Bredenkamp is a Zimbabwean arms dealer who in 1976 founded the Casalee Group. He was born in Kimberley, South Africa and moved with his family to Southern Rhodesia as a child. After independence in 1980, Bredenkamp left Zimbabwe and moved his base of operations to Belgium.

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Israel
Video: Former president Jimmy Carter on Israel having 150 nuclear weapons or more

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Video: Israel’s Nuclear Weapons
Carnegie Council for Ethics in International Affairs


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Video:Pat Buchanan – Israel has 300 atomic bombs
Forward to 7 minutes into the video clip

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Pakistan
Kirana-I was the assigned codename of the 24 subcritical ‘cold tests’ conducted by Pakistan from 1983–1990. The tests were eventually made public in 2000.

Chagai-I was Pakistan’s first public test of nuclear weapons done on May 28,1998.

Video:President Clinton condemns Pakistan’s nuclear test decision and orders sanctions

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Donald Trump – Meet the Press October 24, 1999 with Tim Russert

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