U.S. State Populations 2019: Most populous states

U.S. State Populations 2019: Most populous states
Release date: December 30, 2019

U.S. Census Bureau
Release Date: December 30, 2019

According to the U.S. Census Bureau’s national and state population estimates released today, forty-two states and the District of Columbia had fewer births in 2019 than 2018, while eight states saw a birth increase. With fewer births in recent years and the number of deaths increasing, natural increase (or births minus deaths) has declined steadily over the past decade.

“While natural increase is the biggest contributor to the U.S. population increase, it has been slowing over the last five years,” said Dr. Sandra Johnson, a demographer/statistician in the Population Division of the Census Bureau. “Natural increase, or when the number of births is greater than the number of deaths, dropped below 1 million in 2019 for the first time in decades.”

The nation’s population was 328,239,523 in 2019, growing by 0.5% between 2018 and 2019, or 1,552,022 people. Annual growth peaked at 0.73% this decade in the period between 2014 and 2015. The growth between 2018 and 2019 is a continuation of a multiyear slowdown since that period.

The South, the largest of the four regions with a population of 125,580,448 in 2019, saw the largest numeric growth (1,011,015) and percentage growth (0.8%) between 2018 and 2019. This growth is driven mainly by natural increase (359,114) and net domestic migration (407,913), which is the movement of people from one area to another within the United States. The Northeast region, the smallest of the four regions with a population of 55,982,803 in 2019, saw population decrease for the first time this decade, declining by 63,817 or -0.1%. This decline was due to net domestic migration (-294,331), which offset population gains from natural increase (97,152) and net international migration (134,145), or the difference between the number of people moving into the country and out of the country.

Forty states and the District of Columbia saw population increases between 2018 and 2019. Ten states lost population between 2018 and 2019, four of which had losses over 10,000 people. The 10 states that lost population were New York (-76,790; -0.4%), Illinois (-51,250; -0.4%), West Virginia (-12,144; -0.7%), Louisiana (-10,896; -0.2%), Connecticut (-6,233; -0.2%), Mississippi (-4,871; -0.2%), Hawaii (-4,721; -0.3%), New Jersey (-3,835; 0.0%), Alaska (-3,594; -0.5%), and Vermont (-369 ; -0.1%).

Also released today were national- and state-level estimates of the components of population change, which include tables on births, deaths and migration.

Puerto Rico Population Estimates
Puerto Rico’s population increased by 340 people (0.0%) between 2018 and 2019 after several years of annual population decline. This slight increase is due to total net migration, which was positive for the first time in years (7,733) and large enough to offset the natural decrease (-7,393).

“Though migration between 2018 and 2019 was large enough to increase the population this year, Puerto Rico’s population remains below where it was at the start of the decade,” explained Johnson.

Additional Highlights:
  • Nationally, net international migration continues to decrease, falling to 595,348 between 2018 and 2019. Between 2010 and 2019, the year with the highest net international migration was 2016 at 1,046,709; however, since 2016, the net international migration has been gradually decreasing each year.
  • Between 2018 and 2019, natural increase was 956,674, reflecting 3,791,712 births and 2,835,038 deaths.
  • 42 states and the District of Columbia had fewer births in 2019 than 2018.  Eight states saw increases in births – Washington (612), Utah (293), Nevada (232), Arizona (175), Idaho (166), Montana (66), Vermont (44), and Colorado (30).
  • Twenty-four states and the District of Columbia saw increases in their number of deaths compared to the previous year. Four states had more deaths than births, also called natural decrease: West Virginia (-4,679), Maine (-2,262), New Hampshire (-121) and Vermont (-53).
  • Twenty-seven states and the District of Columbia lost population through net domestic migration between 2018 and 2019, six of which had losses over 25,000, and three of which experienced losses greater than 100,000. The top states with net domestic migration loss were California (-203,414), New York (-180,649), Illinois (-104,986), New Jersey (-48,946), Massachusetts (-30,274) and Louisiana (-26,045).
  • Nine states had a population of over 10 million in 2019. Those states were California (39,512,223), Texas (28,995,881), Florida (21,477,737), New York (19,453,561), Pennsylvania (12,801,989), Illinois (12,671,821), Ohio (11,689,100), Georgia (10,617,423) and North Carolina (10,488,084).

______

Top 10 Most Populous States: 2019
Rank State
Census 2010 
July 1, 2018 July 1, 2019
1 California 37,253,956 39,461,588 39,512,223
2 Texas 25,145,561 28,628,666 28,995,881
3 Florida 18,801,310 21,244,317 21,477,737
4 New York 19,378,102 19,530,351 19,453,561
5 Pennsylvania 12,702,379 12,800,922 12,801,989
6 Illinois 12,830,632 12,723,071 12,671,821
7 Ohio 11,536,504 11,676,341 11,689,100
8 Georgia 9,687,653 10,511,131 10,617,423
9 North Carolina 9,535,483 10,381,615 10,488,084
10 Michigan 9,883,640 9,984,072 9,986,857
Top 10 States in Numeric Growth, 2018 to 2019
Rank State Census 2010 July 1, 2018 July 1, 2019 Numeric Growth
1 Texas 25,145,561 28,628,666 28,995,881 367,215
2 Florida 18,801,310 21,244,317 21,477,737 233,420
3 Arizona 6,392,017 7,158,024 7,278,717 120,693
4 North Carolina 9,535,483 10,381,615 10,488,084 106,469
5 Georgia 9,687,653 10,511,131 10,617,423 106,292
6 Washington 6,724,540 7,523,869 7,614,893 91,024
7 Colorado 5,029,196 5,691,287 5,758,736 67,449
8 South Carolina 4,625,364 5,084,156 5,148,714 64,558
9 Tennessee 6,346,105 6,771,631 6,829,174 57,543
10 Nevada 2,700,551 3,027,341 3,080,156 52,815
Top 10 States in Percent Growth, 2018 to 2019
Rank State July 1, 2018 July 1, 2019 Percent Growth
1 Idaho 1,750,536 1,787,065 2.1%
2 Nevada 3,027,341 3,080,156 1.7%
3 Arizona 7,158,024 7,278,717 1.7%
4 Utah 3,153,550 3,205,958 1.7%
5 Texas 28,628,666 28,995,881 1.3%
6 South Carolina 5,084,156 5,148,714 1.3%
7 Washington 7,523,869 7,614,893 1.2%
8 Colorado 5,691,287 5,758,736 1.2%
9 Florida 21,244,317 21,477,737 1.1%
10 North Carolina 10,381,615 10,488,084 1.0%
Rank Geographical Area 2019 Population
1 .California 39,512,223
2 .Texas 28,995,881
3 .Florida 21,477,737
4 .New York 19,453,561
5 .Pennsylvania 12,801,989
6 .Illinois 12,671,821
7 .Ohio 11,689,100
8 .Georgia 10,617,423
9 .North Carolina 10,488,084
10 .Michigan 9,986,857
11 .New Jersey 8,882,190
12 .Virginia 8,535,519
13 .Washington 7,614,893
14 .Arizona 7,278,717
15 .Massachusetts 6,892,503
16 .Tennessee 6,829,174
17 .Indiana 6,732,219
18 .Missouri 6,137,428
19 .Maryland 6,045,680
20 .Wisconsin 5,822,434
21 .Colorado 5,758,736
22 .Minnesota 5,639,632
23 .South Carolina 5,148,714
24 .Alabama 4,903,185
25 .Louisiana 4,648,794
26 .Kentucky 4,467,673
27 .Oregon 4,217,737
28 .Oklahoma 3,956,971
29 .Connecticut 3,565,287
30 .Utah 3,205,958
Puerto Rico 3,193,694
31 .Iowa 3,155,070
32 .Nevada 3,080,156
33 .Arkansas 3,017,804
34 .Mississippi 2,976,149
35 .Kansas 2,913,314
36 .New Mexico 2,096,829
37 .Nebraska 1,934,408
38 .West Virginia 1,792,147
39 .Idaho 1,787,065
40 .Hawaii 1,415,872
41 .New Hampshire 1,359,711
42 .Maine 1,344,212
43 .Montana 1,068,778
44 .Rhode Island 1,059,361
45 .Delaware 973,764
46 .South Dakota 884,659
47 .North Dakota 762,062
48 .Alaska 731,545
.District of Columbia 705,749
49 .Vermont 623,989
50 .Wyoming 578,759
Geographic Area
Census 2010 2019
United States 308,745,538 328,239,523
Northeast 55,317,240 55,982,803
Midwest 66,927,001 68,329,004
South 114,555,744 125,580,448
West 71,945,553 78,347,268
.Alabama 4,779,736 4,903,185
.Alaska 710,231 731,545
.Arizona 6,392,017 7,278,717
.Arkansas 2,915,918 3,017,804
.California 37,253,956 39,512,223
.Colorado 5,029,196 5,758,736
.Connecticut 3,574,097 3,565,287
.Delaware 897,934 973,764
.District of Columbia 601,723 705,749
.Florida 18,801,310 21,477,737
.Georgia 9,687,653 10,617,423
.Hawaii 1,360,301 1,415,872
.Idaho 1,567,582 1,787,065
.Illinois 12,830,632 12,671,821
.Indiana 6,483,802 6,732,219
.Iowa 3,046,355 3,155,070
.Kansas 2,853,118 2,913,314
.Kentucky 4,339,367 4,467,673
.Louisiana 4,533,372 4,648,794
.Maine 1,328,361 1,344,212
.Maryland 5,773,552 6,045,680
.Massachusetts 6,547,629 6,892,503
.Michigan 9,883,640 9,986,857
.Minnesota 5,303,925 5,639,632
.Mississippi 2,967,297 2,976,149
.Missouri 5,988,927 6,137,428
.Montana 989,415 1,068,778
.Nebraska 1,826,341 1,934,408
.Nevada 2,700,551 3,080,156
.New Hampshire 1,316,470 1,359,711
.New Jersey 8,791,894 8,882,190
.New Mexico 2,059,179 2,096,829
.New York 19,378,102 19,453,561
.North Carolina 9,535,483 10,488,084
.North Dakota 672,591 762,062
.Ohio 11,536,504 11,689,100
.Oklahoma 3,751,351 3,956,971
.Oregon 3,831,074 4,217,737
.Pennsylvania 12,702,379 12,801,989
.Rhode Island 1,052,567 1,059,361
.South Carolina 4,625,364 5,148,714
.South Dakota 814,180 884,659
.Tennessee 6,346,105 6,829,174
.Texas 25,145,561 28,995,881
.Utah 2,763,885 3,205,958
.Vermont 625,741 623,989
.Virginia 8,001,024 8,535,519
.Washington 6,724,540 7,614,893
.West Virginia 1,852,994 1,792,147
.Wisconsin 5,686,986 5,822,434
.Wyoming 563,626 578,759
Puerto Rico 3,725,789 3,193,694

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Dec. 19, 2019 – Today the U.S. Census Bureau released new 5-year estimates from the 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). As part of the nationwide release of over 40 demographic topics, estimates profiling the 65 and older population are now available. Of the 3,142 counties in the United States, Sumter County, Fla., had the highest percentage of residents aged 65 and older—at 55.6% in 2014-2018. This is significantly higher than the percentage in 2009-2013 (46.7%).

“The American Community Survey is vital to understanding different demographic groups across the nation,” said Victoria Velkoff, Associate Director for Demographic Programs. “This includes the 65 and older population. By looking at the latest data, resources can be provided to support not only the aging population, but all groups across the country.”

The median age of the U.S. older population was 73.2 years in the 2014-2018 ACS. Highlands County, Fla.; Mower County, Minn.; and Palm Beach County, Fla., had some of the highest median ages among the 65 years and older population at about 75 years, while Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska, had one of the lowest (70 years).

When it comes to the sex distribution among the 65 years and older population, they are primarily female, but according to 2014-2018 ACS data, Cass County, Minn.; Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska; Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska; La Paz County, Ariz.; Matanuska-Susitna Borough, Alaska; Monroe County, Fla.; and Polk County, Texas, were among the counties that had higher proportions of older males than older females. However, in other counties, there were about three women for every two men age 65 and over. Danville city, Va. (61.7%); Bronx County, N.Y. (61.0%); and Muscogee County, Ga. (60.3%), were among counties with the highest percentage of older women.

From 2014 to 2018, for counties with populations of 50,000 or more, Arlington County, Va.; Fairfax County, Va.; Howard County, Md.; Loudoun County, Va.; and Montgomery County, Md., were among the counties with the highest household incomes for householders 65 years and over. Median household income was highest in Hawaii ($65,086) and lowest in Mississippi ($34,275) for households with a householder 65 years and over.

For individuals age 65 or older, counties that had among the lowest poverty rates included: Douglas County, Colo.; James City County, Va.; and Stafford County, Va. Counties with the highest poverty rates for people age 65 and over included McKinley County, N.M.; Starr County, Texas; and Webb County, Texas.

Of the 65 years and older population who lived in renter-occupied housing units during 2014-2018, 54.4% spent 30% or more of their household income on housing costs. Of those 65 and older living in owner-occupied housing units, only 26.3% spent 30% or more of their household income on housing costs.

Alexandria city, Va.; Arlington County, Va.; Boulder County, Colo.; Fairfax County, Va.; Howard County, Md.; Marin County, Calif.; and Montgomery County, Md., were among the counties with the highest rates of bachelor’s degree or higher educational attainment for the population age 65 and older.

Nationally, 70.6% of individuals 65 years and older had a subscription to at least one broadband internet service, including mobile internet. Among the counties with the highest rates of broadband subscription for this group are Douglas County, Colo.; Eagle County, Colo.; Falls Church city, Va.; Nantucket County, Mass.; Pitkin County, Colo.; and Summit County, Utah.

Sumter County, Fla., had the largest proportion of the citizen voting-age population that is 65 years of age and older, with 60.4% of the electorate in this age group. Its county seat is Bushnell, and the largest community is The Villages.

Of the 18.6 million veterans in the United States, about half were 65 years and older (49.5%). Counties with the largest proportion of veterans among the older population include Comanche County, Okla.; Coryell County, Texas; Lyon County, Nev.; Nye County, Nev.; and Okaloosa County, Fla.

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