See Ireland if you do not understand why Confederate monuments and statues should be removed in the U.S.

See Ireland if you do not understand why
Confederate monuments and statues should be removed in the U.S.

U.S. military bases named after Confederates should also be renamed

There are many Americans who agree there should not be an erasing of United States history. Removing Confederate monuments and confederate flags does not erase history o the United States. This also includes monuments of people who promoted and supported white supremacy, before and after the era of the Civil War.

The Confederacy (C.S.A.)
The foreign enemy nation, upon the states’ secession, known as the Confederate States of America can not be erased from Civil War history. There are great American history and state museums of history all over the United States.

There are no Confederate heroes. Why and how do we know this?

On May 29, 1865, President Andrew Johnson issued a Proclamation of Amnesty and Pardon to persons or traitors who had participated in the rebellion against the United States. There were fourteen excepted classes, though, and members of those classes had to make special application to the President.

Robert E. Lee, the commander of the Confederate States Army and the commander of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War, from 1862 until his surrender in 1865. Robert E. Lee was never pardoned during the remainder of his life, nor was his citizenship ever restored during the remainder of his life. Robert E. Lee died on October 12, 1870

President Gerald R. Ford did not restore Robert E. Lee’s American citizenship until August 5, 1975. This included rights of citizenship posthumously restored by a joint congressional resolution effective June 13, 1865.

Jefferson Davis was never pardoned during the remainder of his life, nor was his citizenship ever restored during the remainder of his life. Jefferson Davis died on December 6, 1889

Attempts to restore Jefferson Davis’’ full citizenship were a hot-button issue in 1876, when there was talk about Davis as a potential U.S. Senate candidate. Specifically, provisions in the 14th Amendment made that nearly impossible, unless Congress decided otherwise.

Section 3 of the 14th Amendment said that the House and Senate would need to approve Davis as an officeholder because of his association with the Confederacy.

No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any state, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any state legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any state, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability,” the section reads.

In 1876, Jefferson Davis was specifically excluded from a universal amnesty bill that restored the full citizenship rights of the remaining former Confederates. The amendment to the bill was proposed by James G. Blaine.

When it passed Congress, there was outrage in some Southern states. Jefferson Davis had no inclination to ask for any kind of pardon. “It has been said that I should apply to the United States for a pardon, but repentance must precede the right of pardon, and I have not repented,” Davis said in 1881.

President Jimmy Carter on October 17, 1978 officially restored the full American citizenship rights of former Confederate States of America president Jefferson Davis, by signing an act from the U.S. Congress. The resolution read:
In posthumously restoring the full rights of citizenship to Jefferson Davis, the Congress officially completes the long process of reconciliation that has reunited our people following the tragic conflict between the States.

United Daughters of the Confederacy
The General Organization of the United Daughters of the Confederacy was founded in Nashville, Tennessee, on September 10, 1894 (just 6 years before 1900), by Mrs. Caroline Meriwether Goodlett of Tennessee as Founder and Mrs. Lucian H. (Anna Davenport) Raines of Georgia as Co- Founder.

United Daughters of the Confederacy spent much of the early decades of the 1900s building monuments to honoring traitors of the United States of America, while also re-writing history to promote a false history of valour by enemy soldiers toward the United States of America.

All related artifacts of the Confederate States of America belong in history museums. Confederate monuments do not belong on the state Capitol buildings’ grounds or on public grounds owned by counties or cities. Also, these Confederate statues and monuments do not belong on publicly funded university campuses.

How Southern socialites rewrote Civil War history

Ireland – Queen Victoria
The Famine Queen 

So harsh were conditions in Ireland that the nation’s population decreased substantially through the 19th century. From 8.2 million in 1841, the population dropped to 6.6 million in only 10 years and to 4.7 million in 1891. From 1841 to World War II, some estimates conclude that no less than 4.5 million impoverished Irish came to the United States.

Queen Victoria, was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from June 20, 1837 until her death on January 22, 1901 and is also known as The Famine Queen in Ireland.

The Acts of Union in 1800 that created the United Kingdom had declared that Ireland, a predominately Catholic country, would be directly under British rule. The Irish Parliament was abolished.

With the ratification of the Acts of Union in 1801, Ireland was effectively governed as a colony of Great Britain.

While William Wilberforce, Lord Brougham and others pushed the debate forward in Parliament, enslaved people in the Caribbean continued to fight individually, as well as collectively in rebellions, against enslavement. African descent people in the British Caribbean finally gained their freedom at midnight on July 31, 1838. Slavery was abolished in the British Empire on August 1, 1838.

Irish Potato Famine
The Irish Potato Famine, also known as the Great Hunger, began in 1845 when a fungus-like organism called Phytophthora infestans spread rapidly throughout Ireland.

Many Irish assumed that Britain would provide aid when reports of the wretched conditions in Ireland became widespread. The British government response was said to be neither swift nor adequate, exacerbating the tensions between Ireland and England, and sowing the seeds for rebellion and civil unrest. Although Queen Victoria privately contributed to charities for Ireland and Scotland, and finally visited Ireland in 1849, her response has been characterized as indifferent and lackluster. She expressed concern over the people’s suffering, but also on occasion echoed commonly held prejudices about them.

Before it ended in 1852, the Potato Famine resulted in the death of roughly 1 million Irish from starvation and related causes, with at least another 1 million forced to leave their homeland as refugees.

Between 1820 and 1860, the Irish constituted over one third of all immigrants to the United States. They often had no money beyond the fare for their passage, and, thus, settled in the ports of their debarkation in the United States. In time, the sum total of Irish-Americans exceeded the entire population of Ireland. New York City boasted more Irishmen than Dublin, Ireland.

Ireland in the 1900s – Civil War
Ireland’s war of independence was fought in from 1919 to 1921. The war of independence in Ireland ended with a truce on July 11, 1921.

The 1921 Anglo-Irish Treaty concluded the Irish War of Independence. It provided for the establishment of the Irish Free State within a year as a self-governing dominion. The Republic claimed jurisdiction over the whole island of Ireland.

Northern Ireland was created in 1921, when Ireland was partitioned between Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland by the Government of Ireland Act 1920. Unlike Southern Ireland, which would become the Irish Free State in 1922, the majority of Northern Ireland’s population were unionists, who wanted to remain within the United Kingdom. The Irish Civil War lasted between June 1922 – May 1923.

Irish in the United States of America
Over time, many Irish climbed occupational and social ladders through politically appointed positions such as policeman, fireman, and teacher.

Many second and third generation Irish were better educated, wealthier, and more successful than were their parents and grandparents, as illustrated by the Kennedy family. The first Kennedy who arrived in the United States in 1848 was a laborer. His son had modest success in the United States, but his grandson, college educated Joseph P. Kennedy, made the fortune that enabled the great grandsons, one of whom became President John F. Kennedy, to achieve great political success.

“Ireland’s Tribute to Queen Victoria”: unveiling by King Edward VII on February 17, 1908.
1908 – Dublin, Ireland

Queen Victoria is not viewed as a great person in Ireland

July 2, 1948 – Dublin, Ireland

July 23, 1948 – Dublin, Ireland

July 24, 1948 – Dublin, Ireland

Removal of the Queen Victoria monument, July 1948, from Leinster House, Dublin, Ireland (later given to Sydney, Australia). [The Irish Times, July 23, 1948, p.1]

The name of Victoria, the Famine Queen, is a disgrace in Cork, Ireland
February 2, 2017

The meaning of the Swastika to Jews
November 2019 Phoenix, Arizona


Enjoy related topics at these links below:

All monuments and flags honoring or memorializing the Confederacy are symbols of treason to the United States of America

The flag of a foreign nation: The Confederate States of America was not the United States of America

Immigration: The U.S. once viewed Europeans who were non-British as undesirables in the 1880s and early 1900s

How the U.S. Supreme Court defined the “white” race in 1923

Historical Flashback: A look at the use of the term African American in the press

Did you know the Confederate States of America is celebrated in Brazil?

1862: When President Abraham Lincoln aimed to pay the enslavers to end slavery

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