South Africa: President Jacob Zuma warns against foreign interference in ANC’s conference

December 11, 2012

Africa

South Africa: President Jacob Zuma warns against foreign interference in ANC’s conference

President Jacob Zuma

Xinhua

JOHANNESBURG– South African President Jacob Zuma has warned that foreign interest groups may “capture” the ruling African National Congress’ (ANC’s) upcoming elective conference to serve their own interests. Once these forces had captured the ANC, they would control South Africa and use its strategic importance as a gateway to the continent, Zuma told a forum held over the weekend at the University of Zululand in Kwa-Zulu Natal Province.

The forum was attended by KwaZulu-Natal delegates who would participate in the ANC’s 53rd conference scheduled for Dec. 16-20 in Manguang, also known as Bloenfontein, according to the local Mercury newspaper. Zuma described the congress as a “watershed” conference, saying that given the significance of the conference, it was important for delegates to remain focused to ensure they were not led astray.

He said foreign countries could no longer control Africa through administrators. “You need a country which has influence and a big organized economy. So South Africa has been identified as that country. Then if South Africa is an important country to control, you have to control the ANC. You therefore need a leader in the ANC who can be controlled.

That is why there is so much interest in leadership,” Zuma said without elaboration. The ANC conference will elect the party’s leadership, including its president for the next five years. Given the ANC’s electoral dominance, elected ANC president will be mandated to be the country’s next president in the 2014 national elections. Zuma said the ANC needed to ask itself if the party had come to a crossroads.

He warned that the party was now facing new challenges and it needed to adapt to these or it would perish. “Being an ANC member means service to the people. ANC members were prepared to sacrifice their lives for the liberation of this country.. that is what we are known for,” Zuma said. “If you lead the ANC you do not lead ANC members, you are led by the members who elected you. “You cannot become big- headed as a leader. You are there to serve,” he said.

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Video: The Daily Telegraph in Pretoria Interview with President Jacob Zuma
The party meets on December 16 to choose a new president and Mr Zuma has fought off a revolt against his leadership

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ANC 53rd
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Mangaung

Mangaung (Bloenfontein)

Bloemfontein forms part of the Mangaung Metropolitan Municipality

Bloemfontein

Bloemfontein

The MANGAUNG Metrol Municipality is located in the Free State Province, in the center of South Africa. The Free State is bordered by six provinces, namely Gauteng, the Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal and North West provinces, as well as the neighbouring country of Lesotho.

The municipality was formed at the end of 2000 by amalgamating the Transitional Local Councils of Bloemfontein, Botshabelo, Thaba Nchu and two Rural Councils. The municipality is working to integrate the city and ensure that previously disadvantaged communities are spatially linked to the rest of the city. Being the sixth largest city in the country, the MANGAUNG municipal area covers more than 6,263km2 (2,418 Sq Miles) and hosts a population of about 850 000 people. The languages spoken in the area are mainly Sesotho, Afrikaans, English and Setswana.

Bloemfontein
Bloemfontein is the economic hub of the MANGAUNG Metro Municipality and the provincial capital of the Free State. The city, fondly known as “The city of roses”, is also the commercial capital of the Free State and the judicial capital of South Africa.

Bloemfontein’s economy is mainly based on the services and government sectors. It is also ideally equipped to support demanding industrial activities and is the base of a huge agricultural area. It is incomparable in terms of locality, facilities, viability and accessibility, and displays a proud tradition of hospitality. The African National Congress (ANC) was established in the township of Batho in 1912. Maphikela House, built in 1926 and commonly known as the birth place of the ANC, is a national monument and can be viewed by visitors. The Nationalist Party was also founded in Bloemfontein in 1914. Speculation has it that Bloemfontein’s name was derived from the large number of flowers that grew around an old fountain or spring on a farm which belonged to a Voortrekker named Johannes Nicolaas Brits.

Botshabelo
Botshabelo, meaning “A place of refuge”, is situated 45km (27.96 miles) from Bloemfontein on the national N8 road to Lesotho. It is believed to be the largest township settlement in the Free State and the second largest in the country after Soweto. Botshabelo was established in 1978 as an apartheid engineered town for the displaced Basotho people in the Free State. Most of the present inhabitants moved to the town from rural farms. Botshabelo has developed into the industrial hub of MANGAUNG and houses about 154 fully operational factories.

Thaba Nchu
Thaba Nchu consists of both an urban area with private land ownership and a rural area of both private and communal land with people living in 31 scattered villages in the area. Thaba Nchu is located 12km (7.45 miles) east of Botshabelo on the N8 road to Lesotho. This settlement lies at the foot of the well-known Thaba Nchu Mountain, also known in the local Sesotho language as “Black Mountain”.

Thaba Nchu has been the home of the Tswana people in the Free State for more that 180 years. The town is closely governed by His Majesty Chief Albert Moroka. He is responsible for most civil matters as well as being the judge at the tribal court. Apart from being a prominent cultural centre, Thaba Nchu offers luxurious accommodation and a variety of entertainment opportunities.

Source: Mangaung Metro Municipality

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Population estimates by province, 2011

Gauteng: 11,328,203

KwaZulu-Natal: 10,819,130

Eastern Cape: 6,829,958

Limpopo: 5,554,657

Western Cape: 5,287,863

Mpumalanga: 3,657,181

North West: 3,253,390

Free State: 2,759,644

Northern Cape: 1,096,731

South Africa Total: 50,586,757

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African National Congress
•The ANC is a national liberation movement. It was formed in 1912 to unite the African people and spearhead the struggle for fundamental political, social and economic change.
•For ten decades the ANC has led the struggle against racism and oppression, organising mass resistance, mobilising the international community and taking up the armed struggle against apartheid.
•The ANC achieved a decisive democratic breakthrough in the 1994 elections, where it was given a firm mandate to negotiate a new democratic Constitution for South Africa. The new Constitution was adopted in 1996.
•The ANC was re-elected in 1999 to national and provincial government with an increased mandate.
•The policies of the ANC are determined by its membership and its leadership is accountable to the membership.
•Membership of the ANC is open to all South Africans above the age of 18 years, irrespective of race, colour and creed, who accept its principles, policies and programmes.

Aims and Objectives
•The ANC’s key objective is the creation of a united, non-racial, non-sexist and democratic society.
•This means the liberation of Africans in particular and black people in general from political and economic bondage. It means uplifting the quality of life of all South Africans, especially the poor.
•The struggle to achieve this objective is called the National Democratic Revolution.

ANC Policy
The Freedom Charter, which was adopted by the Congress of the People in 1955, remains the basic policy document of the ANC.

The Freedom Charter declares that:
•The people shall govern
•All national groups shall have equal rights
•The people shall share in the country`s wealth
•The land shall be shared among those who work it
•All shall be equal before the law
•All shall enjoy equal human rights
•There shall be work and security
•The doors of learning and culture shall be opened
•There shall be houses, security and comfort
•There shall be peace and friendship

In 1994 the ANC adopted the Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP) as the basic policy framework guiding the ANC in the transformation of South Africa. The key programmes of the RDP are:
•meeting basic needs
•developing our human resources
•building the economy
•democratising the state and society

Symbols of the ANC
The flag of the ANC is made of equal horizontal bands of black, green and gold. The black symbolises the people of South Africa who, for generations, have fought for freedom. The green represents the land, which sustained our people for centuries and from which they were removed by colonial and apartheid governments. The gold represents the mineral and other natural wealth of South Africa, which belongs to all its people, but which has been used to benefit only a small racial minority.

•The logo contains a spear and shield to represent the early wars of resistance to colonial rule, the armed struggle of the ANC’s former armed wing, Umkhonto we Sizwe, and the ANC’s ongoing struggle against racial privilege and oppression. The wheel dates back to the campaign for the Congress of the People, which adopted the Freedom Charter, and marks the joining in a common struggle for freedom people from all South Africa’s communities. It is a symbol of the strong non-racial traditions of the ANC. The fist holding the spear represents the power of a people united in struggle for freedom and equality.

•The ANC’s rallying call Amandla ngawethu or Matla ke arona means ‘power to the people’, reflecting the central demand of the Freedom Charter that the people shall govern. It a statement of the ANC’s commitment to build and deepen popular democracy and the active involvement of the people in the struggle to improve their lives.

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