Italian-Argentinian Jorge Mario Bergoglio becomes Pope Francis I- Is this really a break from the Catholic tradition of Popes?

Italian-Argentinian Jorge Mario Bergoglio becomes Pope Francis I
Argentinian cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio became the first ever pope from the Americas in the history of the Catholic Christian Church, taking the papal name of Francis IPope Francis I


VATICAN CITY- Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio from Argentina was Wednesday night elected the Catholic Church’s the 266th Pope. He is first Latin American to be pontiff, and will call himself Francis I.

After his election, the 76-year-old Pope appeared on a balcony and greeted crowds in St. Peter’s Square, BBC reported. He was the archbishop of Buenos Aires.

He asked the faithful to pray for him. Cheers erupted as he gave a blessing.

Earlier, white smoke from the Sistine Chapel chimney announced the new Pope’s election. Crowds in St. Peter’s Square cheered and bells rang out as the smoke appeared.

Pope Francis replaces Benedict XVI, who resigned Feb 28 at the age of 85, saying he was not strong enough to lead the Church.

He is the first Jesuit to become pope.

A member of the Jesuits and ordained in 1936 after four years as priest, Bergoglio became head of all the Jesuits in Argentina, Xinhua reported.

After studying in Germany, he became bishop of Buenos Aires in 1992 and archbishop in 1998. A strong supporter of helping the poor, Bergoglio was made cardinal in 2001.

The 115 cardinals have been in isolation since Tuesday, and held four inconclusive votes.

At least 77 of them, or two-thirds, would have had to vote for a single candidate for him to be elected Pope.

Crowds with umbrellas gathered in the square waving flags from around the world.

The Catholic News Agency said people were running through the streets of Rome, hoping to reach St. Peter’s Square in time for the appearance of the new Pope.

“It’s so emotional. We thought we were going home and the smoke was going to be black,” one Catholic told the BBC. “We’re so touched. It was really incredible.”

Pope Francis I


Argentina is a country that has a population that is 97% white European. The country is only  3% mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry), Amerindian, or other non-white groups.

Population: 42,192,494 (July 2012 est.) 25 million are of  Italian European descent

The Pope is still an Italian. Is this really a break from the Catholic tradition of Popes?

Pope Francis I

Jorge Mario Bergoglio is the son of Italian immigrants Mario Jose Bergoglio and Regina Maria Sivori

The Washington Post reports

….the first Latin American pope also represents a cultural bridge between two worlds — the son of Italian immigrants in a country regarded by some as the New World colony Italy never had. For many Italians, his heritage makes him the next best thing to the return of an Italian pope.

…..The College of Cardinals picked the first non-European in modern times, as well — yet he is the son of Italian immigrants and grew up in Argentina, perhaps the most European of any country in Latin America.


In the hundred years between 1830 and 1930, 60,000,000 men, women, and children left Europe, and 40,000,000 of them cast off forever the ties of home, family and fatherland.

As in North America, the migration to South America originated mainly in Europe. This is outside of the force migration of enslaved Africans to the Americans.

With themselves the Europeans brought their Christian religion, their languages and their customs. However many of the immigrants to North America came from Northern Europe bringing with them the influence of their Christian Protestant religion and culture.

In Latin America, instead, the majority of immigrants came from Southern Europe, and therefore the predominant religious influence has been Christian Roman Catholic, rather than Christian Protestant. The languages of these new immigrants were Spanish and Portuguese, and the basic political institutions, Mediterranean rather than English.

An important factor in the assimilation of the Europeans in South America, has been that the ancient native culture and native population of the south proved far stronger than those native forces in the northern part of the Americas and this led in Mexico and in the southern hemisphere to more of a blending of people and cultures, whereas in both Canada and the United States the European heritage was overwhelming. The size of the enslaved African population in central and southern America were also larger than in the north.

However it was not until 1870, about 50 years after independence, that a really open immigration policy began in the Latin American countries. This open immigration brought millions of Europeans to South America, changing the population from 23,163,000 in 1850, to 231,070,000 in 1980. This overwhelming increase in numbers was caused by the natural growth of the population, but also by the large numbers of immigrants that were attracted to South America. Many of theses millions emigrated to Argentina.

The first recorded visit by Europeans to Argentina can be dated to 1516, when Juan Diaz de Solis entered the Rio de la Plata and claimed the territory for Spain. This exploration, however, was not successful because of the confrontation with the Amerindians, where de Solis and most of his men were killed. Finally in 1580, Juan de Garay, established a lasting settlement at Buenos Aires.

Between 1857 and 1958 the main source of immigrants to Argentina were Italy (46%) and Spain )33%) of the total. The rest of the immigrants were made up of different nationalities, including French, German, British, and Irish.

In the peak period of the world’s oversee migration, 1821-1932, 6 countries absorbed 90% of the total, and among these 6, Argentina ranked 2nd in the number of immigrants, with a total of 6,405,000. The only other Latin American country on the list is Brazil, with 4,431,000. The United States came 1st with about 5 times as many as Argentina.

The Italians and the Spanish had little adjustment to make in terms of religion, language, or food. These first groups adjusted well, and also influenced the culture of the new country with what they contributed.

Source: South American Immigration: Argentina by Wanda A. Velez -Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute


Popes and their place of birth

John Paul II (Karol Józef Wojtyła), Pope from 1978 until his death in 2005, was the first non-Italian Pope since Hadrian VI (Adriaan Florenszoon Boeyens), who was Pope from January 9, 1522 until his death on September 14, 1523. Hadrian VI was born in Utrecht, Burgundian Netherlands in the Holy Roman Empire.
Benedict XVI (Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger) served as the 265th Pope from April 19, 2005  to  February 28, 2013 and was born in Marktl, Bavaria, Germany.
Pope Victor I was the first bishop of Rome born in the Roman Province of Africa
Pope Saint Miltiades (Melchiades) was from the Roman Province in northern Africa
Pope Saint Gelasius I was the 3rd and last Bishop of Rome from the Byzantine Roman Empire province in northern Africa
No. Pontiff Name of Birth Birthplace
1 St. Peter Simon Peter Bethsaida, Galilee
2 St. Linus Volterra
3 St. Anacletus Anencletus Rome, Italy
4 St. Clement I Clemens Romanus Rome, Italy
5 St. Evaristus Aristus a Greek
6 St. Alexander I Rome, Italy
7 St. Sixtus I Sixtus, son of Pastor Rome, Italy
8 St. Telesphorus Greece
9 St. Hyginus Athens, Greece
10 St. Pius I Pius, son of Rufinus Aquileia, Italy
11 St. Anicetus Syria
12 St. Soter Soter, son of Concordius Fondi, Italy
13 St. Eleutherius Eleutherius, son of Habundius Nicopolis (Epirus), Greece
14 St. Victor I Victor, son of Felix Africa
15 St. Zephyrinus Rome, Italy
16 St. Callistus I Rome, Italy
17 St. Urban I Urban, son of Pontianus Rome, Italy
18 St. Pontain Pontain, son of Calpurnius Rome, Italy
19 St. Anterus Anteros Magna Grecia
20 St. Fabian Fabian, son of Fabius Rome, Italy
21 St. Cornelius Rome, Italy
22 St. Lucius I Lucius, son of Porphurius Rome, Italy
23 St. Stephen I Stephen, son of Jobius Rome, Italy
24 St. Sixtus II a Greek
25 St. Dionysius Turio
26 St. Felix I Rome, Italy
27 St. Eurychianus Luni in Etruria
28 St. Gaius (Caius) Gaius, son of Caius Salona, Dalmatia
29 St. Marcellinus Marcellinus, son of Projectus Rome, Italy
30 St. Marcellus I Rome, Italy
31 St. Eusebius Eusebius, son of a doctor Cassano Ionico
32 St. Miltiades /1/ Africa
33 St. Sylvester I Sylvester, son of Rufinus Rome, Italy
34 St. Mark /2/ Marcus, son of Priscus Rome, Italy
35 St. Julius I Rome, Italy
36 Liberius Rome, Italy
37 St. Damasus I Spain
38 St. Siricius /3/ Siricius, son of Tiburtius Rome, Italy
39 St. Anastasius I Anastasius, son of Maximus Rome, Italy
40 St. Innocent I Albano (Rome, Italy)
41 St. Zosimus Zosimus, son of Abram Masuraca (of Greek origin)
42 St. Boniface I Rome
43 St. Celestine I Rome (a Campanian)
44 St. Sixtus III Rome, Italy
45 St. Leo “The Great” Tuscia region
46 St. Hilarius (Hilarus) Hilary Cagliari (Sardinia)
47 St. Simplicius Tivoli, Italy
48 St. Felix III /4/ Rome, Italy
49 St. Gelasius I Rome (an African)
50 St. Anastasius II Rome, Italy
51 St. Symmachus Sardinia
52 St. Hormisdas Frosinone, Italy
53 St. John I John Populonia (Tuscany)
54 St. Felix IV (III) Felix of Samnium, son of Castorius Benevento (of Gothic origin)
55 Boniface II Boniface, son of Sigisbald Rome (German origin)
56 John II Mercurius Rome, Italy
57 St. Agapitus I (Agapetus) Agapetus, son of Gordianus Rome, Italy
58 St. Silverius Silverius, son of Pope Hormisdas Frosinone, Italy
59 Vigilius Vigilius, son of Johannes Rome, Italy
60 Pelagius I Rome, Italy
61 John III John, son of Anastasius Rome, Italy
62 Benedict I Benedict, son of Boniface Rome, Italy
63 Pelagius II Pelagius, son of Winigild Rome, Italy (of Gothic origin)
64 St. Gregory (the Great) Gregory, son of Gordianus Rome, Italy
65 Sabinian Sabinian, son of Bonus Blera, Tuscany
66 Boniface III Boniface, son of John Cataadioce Rome, Italy
67 St. Boniface IV Boniface, son of John the Doctor Abruzzo region
68 St. Adeodatus I /5/ Rome, Italy
69 Boniface V Boniface, son of John Naples
70 Honorius I Capua (a Campanian)
71 Severinus Severinus, son of Abienus Rome, Italy
72 John IV Dalmatia
73 Theodore I Theodore Jerusalem (a Greek)
74 St. Martin I Martin from Todi Todi
75 St. Eugenius I Eugene Rome (Aventine)
76 St. Vitalian Vitalian, son of Anastasius Segni in Campagna
77 Adeodatus II /5/ Rome, Italy
78 Donus Donus, son of Maurice Rome, Italy
79 St. Agatho Palermo, Sicily
80 St. Leo II Leo Sicily
81 St. Benedict II Benedict, son of John Rome, Italy
82 John V John Syrian from Antioch
83 Conon Thrace
84 St. Sergius I Sergius, son of Tiberius Antioch
85 John VI Ephesus, Greece
86 John VII John, son of Plato Rossano di Calabria
87 Sisinnius Sisinnius, son of John a Syrian
88 Constantine a Syrian
89 St. Gregory II Gregory, son of Marcellus Rome, Italy
90 St. Gregory III Gregory, son of John of Syria Syria
91 St. Zacharias /6/ Zacharias, son of Polichranus Calabria
92 Stephen II /7/
93 St. Paul I Rome, Italy
94 Stephen III Sicily
95 Adrian I (Hadrian) Rome, Italy
96 St. Leo III Leo, son of Atyuppius and Elizabeth Rome, Italy
97 Stephen IV Rome, Italy
98 St. Paschal I Paschal Rome, Italy
99 Eugenius II Archpriest Eugene Rome, Italy
100 Valentine Rome, Italy
101 Gregory IV Gregory, son of John Rome, Italy
102 Sergius II Rome, Italy
103 St. Leo IV Leo, son of Radoald Rome, Italy
104 Benedict III Card. Priest of St. Calixtus Rome, Italy
105 St Nicholas (the Great) Nicholas Rome, Italy
106 Adrian II (Hadrian) Adrian Rome, Italy
107 John VIII John Rome, Italy
108 Marinus I Marinus, son of Palumbo Gallese (Rome, Itlay)
109 St. Adrian III (Hadrian) Rome, Italy
110 Stephen V Stephen, son of Hadrian Rome, Italy
111 Formosus Ostia
112 Boniface VI Boniface, son of Adrian Rome, Italy
113 Stephen VI Stephen, son of John Rome, Italy
114 Romanus Romanus, son of Constantine Gallese (Rome), Italy
115 Theodore II Theodore, son of Photius Rome, Italy
116 John IX John, son of Rampoald Tivoli, Italy
117 Benedict IV Benedict, son of Mammalus Rome, Italy
118 Leo V Leo Britigena Ardea, Italy
119 Sergius III Sergius, son of Benedict Rome, Italy
120 Anastasius III Anastasius, son of Lucian Rome, Italy
121 Lando (Landus) Landus, son of Taino Sabina
122 John X John Tossignano in Romagna
123 Leo VI Leo son of Christopher Rome, Italy
124 Stephen VII Stephen, son of Teudemund Rome, Italy
125 John XI John, son of Marozia Rome, Italy
126 Leo VII Leo, priest of St. Sixtus Rome, Italy
127 Stephen VIII Stephen Rome, Italy
128 Marinus II /8/ Marinus Rome, Italy
129 Agapetus II (Agapitus) Rome, Italy
130 John XII Octavian “the Boy Pope” Rome, Italy
131 Leo VIII Leo Rome, Italy
132 Benedict V Benedict Rome, Italy (Marcellus region)
133 John XIII John the Good Rome, Italy
134 Benedict VI Benedict, son of Hildebrand Rome, Italy
135 Benedict VII Benedict, Bishop of Sutri Rome, Italy
136 John XIV Peter Canepanova Pavia, Italy
137 John XV John, Card. Priest of St. Vitalis Rome, Italy
138 Gregory V Bruno, son of Duke Otto of Carinthia Saxony, Germany
139 Sylvester II Gerbert Aurillac (Auvergne), France
140 John XVII John Sicco Sicco (Rome, Itlay)
141 John XVIII John Phasanus Fasanus (Rome), Italy
142 Sergius IV Peter Pig’s Snout (Bucca Porci) Rome, Italy
143 Benedict VIII House of Theophylactus Rome, Italy
144 John XIX Romanus Rome, Italy
145 Benedict IX /9/ See No. 150
146 Sylvester III Rome, Italy
147 Benedict IX See No. 150
148 Gregory VI Johannes Gratianus Rome (of German origin)
149 Clement II Suidger, Bishop of Bamberg Saxony, Germany
150 Benedict IX House of Theophylactus Rome, Italy
151 Damasus II Poppo, Bishop of Brixen
152 St. Leo IX Bruno Egisheim in Alsace
153 Victor II Gebhard, Count of Claw, etc. Swabia (Bavaria), Germany
154 Stephen IX Frederick, son of Duke of Lorraine Lorraine
155 Nicholas II Gerard Burgundy
156 Alexander II Anselm of Lucca Baggio (Milan), Italy
157 St. Gregory VII Hildebrand Soana, Tuscany
158 Blessed Victor III Dauferius or Daufar Montecassino, Italy
159 Blessed Urban II Otho, Otto, or Odo of Lagery Chatillon-sur-Marne, France
160 Paschal II Rainerius (a monk) Blera (Ravenna), Italy
161 Gelasius II Giovanni da Gaeta Gaeta, France
162 Callistus II Guido of Vienna Burgundy
163 Honorius II Lambert Scannabecchi Fiagnano nr. Imola, Italy
164 Innocent II Card. Gregory Papereschi St. Angelo (Rome, Itlay)
165 Celestine II Guido de Castellis Citta de Castello, Italy
166 Lucius II Gerard Caccianemici Bologna, Italy
167 Blessed Eugenius III Bernard Paganelli Montemagro (Pisa), Italy
168 Anastasius IV Conrad Rome, Italy
169 Adrian IV (Hadrian) Nicholas Breakspear St. Albans (Langley), England
170 Alexander III Orlando Bandinelli Siena, Italy
171 Lucius III Ubaldus Allucingolus Lucca, Italy
172 Urban III Uberto (Crivelli) Milan, Italy
173 Gregory VIII Alberto di Morra Benevento, Italy
174 Clement III Paul Scolari Rome, Italy
175 Celestine III Hyacinth Bobo Rome, Italy
176 Innocent III Lotario de’Conti Anagni
177 Honorius III Cencio Savelli Rome, Italy
178 Gregory IX Ugolino de’Conti Anagni
179 Celestine IV Gofredo Castiglioni Milan, Italy
180 Innocent IV Sinibaldo de’Fieschi Genoa, Italy
181 Alexander IV Rinaldo Conti Anagni
182 Urban IV Jacques Pantaleon Troyes, France
183 Clement IV Guy Foulques St. Gilles, France
184 Blessed Gregory X Tedaldo Visconti Piacenza
185 Blessed Innocent V Peter of Tarentaise Sutron (Savoy)
186 Adrian V (Hadrian) Ottobuono Fieschi Genoa, Italy
187 John XXI Peter Juliani Lisbon, Portugal
188 Nicholas III Giovanni Orsini Rome, Italy
189 Martin IV Simon de Brion Touraine, France
190 Honorius IV Giacomo Savelli Rome, Italy
191 Nicholas IV Jerome Masci Lisciano near Ascoli
192 St. Celestine V Pietro di Murrone Isernia (Moline Province)
193 Boniface VIII Benedict Caetani Anagni
194 Blessed Benedict XI Nicholas Boccasini Treviso, Italy
195 Clement V Bertrand de Got. Bertrand (Willaudraut) Bordeaux, France
196 John XXII Jacques d’Euse Cahors, France
197 Benedict XII Jacques Fournier Saverdun, France
198 Clement VI Pierre Roger Maumont nr. Limoges, France
199 Innocent VI Etienne Subert Braisahmont, France
200 Blessed Urban V Guillaume de Grimoard Grisac at Languedoc, France
201 Gregory XI Pierre Roger de Beaufort Maumont nr. Limoges, France
202 Urban VI Bartolomeo Prignano Naples, Italy
203 Boniface IX Pietro Tomacelli Naples, Italy
204 Innocent VII Cosimo de’Migliorati Sulmona in Abruzzi, Italy
205 Gregory XII Angelo Corrario Venice, Italy
206 Martin V Oddone Colonna Genazzano (Rome)
207 Eugenius IV Gabriele Condulmer Venice, Italy
208 Nicholas V Tommaso Parentucelli Sarzana in Liguria
209 Callistus III Alfonso de Borja (Borgia) (Jativa) Valencia, Spain
210 Pius II Aeneas Sulvius Piccolomini Corsignano nr Siena, Italy
211 Paul II Pietro Barbo Venice, Italy
212 Sixtus IV Francesco Della Rovere Celle Ligure (Savona), Italy
213 Innocent VIII Giovanni Battista Cibo Genoa, Italy
214 Alexander VI Rodrigo Borgia (Jativa) Valencia, Spain
215 Pius III Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini Siena, Italy
216 Julius II Giulano Della Rovere Albrissola (Savona), Italy
217 Leo X Giovanni De’Medici Florence, Italy
218 Adrian VI (Hadrian) Guiccidardini Dedel Utrecht, Holand
219 Clement VII Giulio De’Medici Florence, Italy
220 Paul III Alessandro Farnese Rome, Italy
221 Julius III Giovan Maria Ciocchi del Monte Rome, Italy
222 Marcellus II Marcello Cervini Montepulciano, Italy
223 Paul IV Giovanni Pietro Caraffa Naples
224 Pius IV Gian Angelo De’Medici Milan, Italy
225 St. Pius V Michele Ghisleri Bosco, Italy
226 Gregory XIII Ugo Buoncompagni Bologna, Italy
227 Sixtus V Felice Peretti Grottamare
228 Urban VII Giambattista Castagna Rome
229 Gregory XIV Niccolo Spondrati Somma (Cremona), Italy
230 Innocent IX Gian Antonio Facchinetti Bologna, Italy
231 Clement VIII Ippolito Aldobrandini Florence, Italy
232 Leo XI Allesandro Ottaviano De’Medici Florence, Italy
233 Paul V Camillo Borghese Rome, Italy
234 Gregory XV Allesandro Ludovisi Bologna, Italy
235 Urban VIII Maffeo Barberini Florence, Italy
236 Innocent X Giambattista Pamfili Rome, Italy
237 Alexander VII Fabio Chigi Siena, Italy
238 Clement IX Giulio Rospigliosi Pistoia
239 Clement X Emilio Altieri Rome, Italy
240 Blessed Innocent XI Benedetto Odescalchi Como, Italy
241 Alexander VIII Pietro Ottoboni Venice, Italy
242 Innocent XII Antonio Pignatelli Spinazzola (Naples), Italy
243 Clement XI Gian Francesco Albani Urbino, Italy
244 Innocent XIII Michelangelo de’Conti Poli (Rome)
245 Benedict XIII Pietro Francesco Orsini Gravina (in Puglia)
246 Clement XII Lorenzo Corsini Florence, Italy
247 Benedict XIV Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini Bologna, Italy
248 Clement XIII Carlo Rezzonico Venice, Italy
249 Clement XIV Giovanni Vincenzo Ganganelli Sant’arcangelo di Romagna (Rimini)
250 Pius VI Gianangelo Braschi Cesena, Italy
251 Pius VII Barnaba Chiaramonti Cesena, Italy
252 Leo XII Annibale delle Genga Castello della Genga (Spoleto), Italy
253 Pius VIII Francesco Xaverio Castiglioni Cingoli, Italy
254 Gregory XVI Mauro Alberto Cappeliari Belluno, Italy
255 Ven. Pius IX Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti Senigaglia, Italy
256 Leo XIII Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Pecci Near Anagni
257 St. Pius X Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto Riese, Italy
258 Benedict XV Francesco Giacomo della Chiesa Genoa, Italy
259 Pius XI Achille Ratti Desio, Italy
260 Pius XII Eugenio Pacelli Rome, Italy
261 Blessed John XXIII Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli Sotto il Monte (Bergamo), Italy
262 Paul VI Giovanni Battista Montini Concesio (Brescia), Italy
263 John Paul I Albino Luciani Forni di Canale (Belluno), Italy
264 John Paul II Karol Jozef Wojtyla Wadowice, Poland
265 Benedict XVI Joseph Alois Ratzinger Marktl am Inn Bavaria (Germany)
266 Francis I Jorge Mario Bergoglio Buenos Aires, Argentina


Learn about the coat of arms of Pope Benedict XVI containing the African Moor’s head

See link

Pope Benedict-Papal Crest

Pope Benedict-Papal Crest

Pope's Crest

Pope's Crest

Pope Benedict XVI coat of arms

Pope Benedict XVI coat of arms
Learn more about the other Christian Pope
Photo of Patriarch Bartholomew and Pope Francis

Patriarch Bartholomew and Pope Francis

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