Historical Flashback: Creating the University of North Carolina system

Historical Flashback: Creating the University of North Carolina system

Higher Education, in any country, is important not only for economic development and cultural advancement. Higher Education is also important for national defense.

Many states have created university systems which help manage and govern their public universities and colleges. Some states do not have public university systems and others have more than one public university system.

For examples: Virginia does not have a university system. Instead the Commonwealth has The State Council of Higher Education for Virginia (SCHEV). SCHEV is the Commonwealth’s coordinating body for higher education. SCHEV was established by the Governor and General Assembly in 1956. It is over 15 public four year universities.

California has the following systems:
-University of California system
-California State University

and

Texas has the following systems:
-University of Houston System
-University of North Texas System
-University of Texas System
-Texas A&M University System
-Texas State University System
-Texas Tech University System
-Independent universities
-Texas State Technical College System

Dilemma X would like to highlight one of the top American university systems and look back on its creation via newspaper articles from the past.

First, This is the University of North Carolina system
UNC Campus

Aerial view of UNC Chapel Hill

UNC Chapel Hill

In North Carolina, all the public educational institutions that grant baccalaureate degrees are part of the University of North Carolina. The multi-campus state university encompasses 16 such institutions, as well as the NC School of Science and Mathematics, the nation’s first public residential high school for gifted students.

Chartered by the North Carolina General Assembly in 1789, the University of North Carolina was the first public university in the United States to open its doors and the only one to graduate students in the eighteenth century. The first class was admitted in Chapel Hill in 1795. For the next 136 years, the only campus of the University of North Carolina was at Chapel Hill.

The 1931 session of the General Assembly redefined the University of North Carolina to include three state-supported institutions: the campus at Chapel Hill (now the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill), North Carolina State College (now North Carolina State University at Raleigh), and Woman’s College (now the University of North Carolina at Greensboro). The new multi-campus University operated with one board of trustees and one president.

By 1969, three additional campuses had joined the University through legislative action: the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, the University of North Carolina at Asheville, and the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.

In 1971 legislation was passed bringing into the University of North Carolina the state’s ten remaining public senior institutions, each of which had until then been legally separate: Appalachian State University, East Carolina University, Elizabeth City State University, Fayetteville State University, North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University, North Carolina Central University, the North Carolina School of the Arts (now the University of North Carolina School of the Arts), Pembroke State University (now the University of North Carolina at Pembroke), Western Carolina University, and Winston-Salem State University. In 1985 the NC School of Science and Mathematics was declared an affiliated school of the University; in July 2007 NCSSM by legislative action became a constituent institution of the University of North Carolina.

Each of the UNC campuses is headed by a chancellor who is chosen by the Board of Governors on the president’s nomination and is responsible to the president. Each university has a board of trustees consisting of eight members elected by the Board of Governors, four appointed by the governor, and the president of the student body, who serves ex officio.

In addition to its teaching role, the University of North Carolina has a long-standing commitment to public service. The UNC Center for Public Television, the UNC Health Care System, the cooperative extension and research services, nine area health education centers, and myriad other University programs and facilities reap social and economic benefits for the state and its people.

Source: University of North Carolina

North Carolina had legal racial segregation on all levels.  Historically black universities are very important to the history in forming the University of North Carolina system.
_______________________

Enslavement of Africans and the University of North Carolina’s commencement address of 1832
https://dilemma-x.net/2013/12/13/remember-yesteryear-enslavement-of-africans-and-the-university-of-north-carolinas-commencement-address-of-1832/
UNC Runway Enslaved African

Click images of newspaper articles below to enlarge. Click you return arrow to return to this Dilemma X topic.

Creating what is now Fayetteville State University as the state’s first public university for African Americans from the former Howard School, founded by Oliver Otis Howard (who also founded Howard University)
1877 Fayetteville State

1877 Fayetteville State University

Creating what is now North Carolina A&T State University
1891 North Carolina A&T

Selecting a city to become home for what is now North Carolina A&T State University

1892 North Carolina A&T

1892 North Carolina A&T

1893 North Carolina A&T
Winston-Salem State University was founded as the Slater Industrial Academy on September 28, 1892.  In 1895, the school was recognized by the State of North Carolina, and in 1899, it was chartered by the state as Slater Industrial and State Normal School.

1895 Winston-Salem State University

What is now Winston-Salem State University

1899 Winston-Salem State University

1899 Winston-Salem State University

The founding of what is now Appalachian State University

1903 Appalachian State University

The founding of what is now East Carolina University and the selection of Greenville, NC

1907 East Carolina University

The founding of a private insitution and what is now North Carolina Central University

1910 NCCU

Brodie L. Duke gives 30 acres of land for what his now North Carolina Central University
Brodie L. Duke was the son of tobacco industrialist and philanthropist George Washington Duke and was the half brother of James Buchanan Duke and Benjamin Newton Duke.  Trinity College moved to Durham, due to generosity from Julian S. Carr and Washington Duke. Carr donated the land in Durham for what is now the Duke University-East Campus and Washington Duke donated funding to build the new buildings. In 1924, James B. Duke established The Duke Endowment. William Preston Few, the president of Trinity, insisted that the institution be renamed Duke University to honor the family’s generosity. James Buchanan Duke also invested in a power company, which is now Duke Energy, th largest electric power holding company in the United States, with assets also in Canada and Latin America.

1911 NCCU

Indian Normal School of Robeson County renamed Cherokee Indian Normal School of Robeson County now UNC Pembroke

1913 UNC Pembroke

What was once a private school becomes a public college and later becomes what is now North Carolina Central University

1923 NCCU

What is now North Carolina Central University establishes liberal arts 4  year degree programs and established a 2 year pre-medical program. NCCU’s elementary teaching education program removed and transferred to Winston-Salem State University
1925 NCCU Winston-Salem State University
1925 NCCU Winston-Salem State University

North Carolina College opens its Law School to day this is North Carolina Central University

1939 NCCU Law

NC A&T 1933

Cherokee Indian Normal School of Robeson County renamed Pembroke State College for Indians now UNC Pembroke

1941 UNC Pembroke

1943 NCCU

The creation of what is now the University of North Carolina at Charlotte

1949 UNC Charlotte

East Carolina Teachers Colleges becomes East Carolina College today known as East Carolina University

1951 East Carolina University

1955 North Carolina A&T

North Carolina College – now North Carolina Central University

NCCU 1955 BAND

North Carolina College cheerleaders today North Carolina Central University

NCCU 1956 Cheerleaders

___________
North Carolina State College band now North Carolina State University
NCSU Band

NC State

NC State University

NCSU

North Carolina State College becomes University of North Carolina at Raleigh (UNC Raleigh or UNCR)
1962 Dec 18 NC State University

1962 Dec 21 NC State University

1963 NCSU

Three institutions begin to consolidate to become the University of North Carolina

1963 UNC System

1963 March 22 NC State University

Charlotte College becomes a four year degree granting institution. Today, this institution is UNC Charlotte

1963 UNC Charlotte

1964 Dec 17 NC State University

Charlotte College becomes UNC Charlotte in 1965

1965 UNC Charlotte

1965 Feb 4 NC State University

1965 NCCU

North Carolina College Marching Band now North Carolina Central University

NCC

1965 UNC Charlotte

Colleges become regional universities

1967 UNC System

1967 UNC System

NC A&T 1967 Band

1967 East Carolina University

North Carolina College decides not to gain regional university status

1968 NCCU

North Carolina College wants regional university status

1969 NCCU

1969 NCCU

Pembroke State College gains regional university status

1969 UNC Pembroke

1969 UNC System

1969 NCCU

1969 UNC System

North Carolina College renamed North Carolina Central University

1969 NCCU

1969 NCCU

North Carolina College (NCC) gains university status and is re-branded NCCU

1970 NCCU

NCCU 1970

NCCU 1973a band

NCCU 1974 band

NCCU

NCCU Marching Band

NC A&T

1970 UNC System

University of North Carolina consolidation begins to end to form the University of North Carolina system

1971 Consolidated UNC System

1971 UNC System

WSSU

University of North Carolina system fully created

1971 Consolidated UNC System

East Carolina University wants to establish the state’s 2nd medical school

1973 ECU Medical School

1973 ECU Medical School

1974 ECU Medical School

North Carolina Central University

NCCU Aerial

North Carolina A&T State University

NC A&T

North Carolina State University

NC State University

East Carolina University

East Carolina University
________
United States: Integration at historically black colleges and universities
https://dilemma-x.net/2015/08/18/integration-at-historically-black-colleges-and-universities/

About Dilemma X

Dilemma X, LLC provides research dedicated to the progression of economic development. Our services aid clients in enhancing overall production statistics. Please visit http://www.dilemma-x.com for more information

View all posts by Dilemma X

Subscribe

Subscribe to our RSS feed and social profiles to receive updates.

No comments yet.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: