Historical Flashback: Creating the University of North Carolina system
Higher Education, in any country, is important not only for economic development and cultural advancement. Higher Education is also important for national defense.
Many states have created university systems which help manage and govern their public universities and colleges. Some states do not have public university systems and others have more than one public university system.
For examples: Virginia does not have a university system. Instead the Commonwealth has The State Council of Higher Education for Virginia (SCHEV). SCHEV is the Commonwealth’s coordinating body for higher education. SCHEV was established by the Governor and General Assembly in 1956. It is over 15 public four year universities.
California has the following systems:
-University of California system
-California State University
Texas has the following systems:
-University of Houston System
-University of North Texas System
-University of Texas System
-Texas A&M University System
-Texas State University System
-Texas Tech University System
-Texas State Technical College System
Dilemma X would like to highlight one of the top American university systems and look back on its creation via newspaper articles from the past.
Aerial view of UNC Chapel Hill
In North Carolina, all the public educational institutions that grant baccalaureate degrees are part of the University of North Carolina. The multi-campus state university encompasses 16 such institutions, as well as the NC School of Science and Mathematics, the nation’s first public residential high school for gifted students.
Chartered by the North Carolina General Assembly in 1789, the University of North Carolina was the first public university in the United States to open its doors and the only one to graduate students in the eighteenth century. The first class was admitted in Chapel Hill in 1795. For the next 136 years, the only campus of the University of North Carolina was at Chapel Hill.
The 1931 session of the General Assembly redefined the University of North Carolina to include three state-supported institutions: the campus at Chapel Hill (now the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill), North Carolina State College (now North Carolina State University at Raleigh), and Woman’s College (now the University of North Carolina at Greensboro). The new multi-campus University operated with one board of trustees and one president.
By 1969, three additional campuses had joined the University through legislative action: the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, the University of North Carolina at Asheville, and the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.
In 1971 legislation was passed bringing into the University of North Carolina the state’s ten remaining public senior institutions, each of which had until then been legally separate: Appalachian State University, East Carolina University, Elizabeth City State University, Fayetteville State University, North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University, North Carolina Central University, the North Carolina School of the Arts (now the University of North Carolina School of the Arts), Pembroke State University (now the University of North Carolina at Pembroke), Western Carolina University, and Winston-Salem State University. In 1985 the NC School of Science and Mathematics was declared an affiliated school of the University; in July 2007 NCSSM by legislative action became a constituent institution of the University of North Carolina.
Each of the UNC campuses is headed by a chancellor who is chosen by the Board of Governors on the president’s nomination and is responsible to the president. Each university has a board of trustees consisting of eight members elected by the Board of Governors, four appointed by the governor, and the president of the student body, who serves ex officio.
In addition to its teaching role, the University of North Carolina has a long-standing commitment to public service. The UNC Center for Public Television, the UNC Health Care System, the cooperative extension and research services, nine area health education centers, and myriad other University programs and facilities reap social and economic benefits for the state and its people.
Source: University of North Carolina
North Carolina had legal racial segregation on all levels. Historically black universities are very important to the history in forming the University of North Carolina system.
Enslavement of Africans and the University of North Carolina’s commencement address of 1832
Click images of newspaper articles below to enlarge. Click you return arrow to return to this Dilemma X topic.
Creating what is now Fayetteville State University as the state’s first public university for African Americans from the former Howard School, founded by Oliver Otis Howard (who also founded Howard University)
Selecting a city to become home for what is now North Carolina A&T State University
Winston-Salem State University was founded as the Slater Industrial Academy on September 28, 1892. In 1895, the school was recognized by the State of North Carolina, and in 1899, it was chartered by the state as Slater Industrial and State Normal School.
What is now Winston-Salem State University
The founding of what is now Appalachian State University
The founding of what is now East Carolina University and the selection of Greenville, NC
The founding of a private insitution and what is now North Carolina Central University
Brodie L. Duke gives 30 acres of land for what his now North Carolina Central University
Brodie L. Duke was the son of tobacco industrialist and philanthropist George Washington Duke and was the half brother of James Buchanan Duke and Benjamin Newton Duke. Trinity College moved to Durham, due to generosity from Julian S. Carr and Washington Duke. Carr donated the land in Durham for what is now the Duke University-East Campus and Washington Duke donated funding to build the new buildings. In 1924, James B. Duke established The Duke Endowment. William Preston Few, the president of Trinity, insisted that the institution be renamed Duke University to honor the family’s generosity. James Buchanan Duke also invested in a power company, which is now Duke Energy, th largest electric power holding company in the United States, with assets also in Canada and Latin America.
Indian Normal School of Robeson County renamed Cherokee Indian Normal School of Robeson County now UNC Pembroke
What was once a private school becomes a public college and later becomes what is now North Carolina Central University
What is now North Carolina Central University establishes liberal arts 4 year degree programs and established a 2 year pre-medical program. NCCU’s elementary teaching education program removed and transferred to Winston-Salem State University
North Carolina College opens its Law School to day this is North Carolina Central University
Cherokee Indian Normal School of Robeson County renamed Pembroke State College for Indians now UNC Pembroke
The creation of what is now the University of North Carolina at Charlotte
East Carolina Teachers Colleges becomes East Carolina College today known as East Carolina University
North Carolina College – now North Carolina Central University
North Carolina College cheerleaders today North Carolina Central University
Three institutions begin to consolidate to become the University of North Carolina
Charlotte College becomes a four year degree granting institution. Today, this institution is UNC Charlotte
Charlotte College becomes UNC Charlotte in 1965
North Carolina College Marching Band now North Carolina Central University
Colleges become regional universities
North Carolina College decides not to gain regional university status
North Carolina College wants regional university status
Pembroke State College gains regional university status
North Carolina College renamed North Carolina Central University
North Carolina College (NCC) gains university status and is re-branded NCCU
University of North Carolina consolidation begins to end to form the University of North Carolina system
University of North Carolina system fully created
East Carolina University wants to establish the state’s 2nd medical school
North Carolina Central University
North Carolina A&T State University
North Carolina State University
East Carolina University
United States: Integration at historically black colleges and universities