How the United States continued a system of enslavement after the 13th amendment in 1865

How the United States continued a system of enslavement after the 13th amendment in 1865

The 13th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America declared that “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.” Formally abolishing slavery in the United States, the 13th Amendment was passed by the Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified by the states on December 6, 1865.

The Cherokee National Government freed its enslaved people in 1863. The United States negotiated a treaty with four Native groups in 1866 stipulating that they must release their enslaved people and grant them full rights as citizens. If they failed to comply with those terms they would forfeit payment for lands ceded to the United States by the same treaty.

Enslavement of African descent people, in America, did not end in 1865

These few examples of historical newspaper articles explains the new system of enslaving African Americans in the United State of America after 1865.
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1879

1882

1889

1896

1900

1901

1903

1910

1911

1914

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Explore more by clicking on the attached links

December 18, 1865: Formally abolishing slavery in the United States 

Historical Flashback: 1868 The 14th Amendment and United States presidential election

White Women’s Suffrage Movement and Racism
Reparations: Martin Luther King Jr. , Barack Obama

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