U.S. State Populations 2018: Most populous states

U.S. State Populations 2018: Most populous states
Release date: December 19, 2018
Washington, D.C., reached a population of 702,455 in July 2018, surpassing 700,000 for the first time since 1975

U.S. Census Bureau
Release Date: December 19, 2018

DEC. 19, 2018 — The U.S. population grew by 0.6 percent and Nevada and Idaho were the nation’s fastest-growing states between July 1, 2017, and July 1, 2018. Both states’ populations increased by about 2.1 percent in the last year alone. Following Nevada and Idaho for the largest percentage increases in population were Utah (1.9 percent), Arizona (1.7 percent), and Florida and Washington (1.5 percent each).

Washington, D.C., reached a population of 702,455 in July 2018, surpassing 700,000 for the first time since 1975, according to the U.S. Census Bureau’s national and state population estimates released today. The change is due primarily to an influx of people from other parts of the country that began early in the decade. While the increase has begun to slow, the District of Columbia still grew by almost 1 percent last year.

Population declines were also common, with losses occurring in nine states and Puerto Rico.

The 9 states that lost population last year were New York (down 48,510), Illinois (45,116), West Virginia (11,216), Louisiana (10,840), Hawaii (3,712), Mississippi (3,133), Alaska (2,348), Connecticut (1,215) and Wyoming (1,197).

“Many states have seen fewer births and more deaths in recent years,” said Sandra Johnson, a demographer/statistician in the Population Division of the Census Bureau. “If those states are not gaining from either domestic or international migration they will experience either low population growth or outright decline.”

Nationally, natural increase (the excess of births over deaths) was 1.04 million last year, reflecting 3,855,500 births and 2,814,013 deaths. With fewer births in recent years and the number of deaths increasing, natural increase has declined steadily over the past decade. In 2008, natural increase was nearly 1.8 million (based on National Center for Health Statistics data).

Also released today were national- and state-level estimates of the components of population change, which include tables on births, deaths and migration.

Puerto Rico Population Estimates
The new estimates show that Puerto Rico’s population has continued to decline, with an estimated loss of 129,848 people (3.9 percent) between July 1, 2017, and July 1, 2018.

“Puerto Rico has seen a steady decline in population over the last decade,” said Sandra Johnson. “Hurricane Maria in September of 2017 further impacted that loss, both before and during the recovery period.”

Puerto Rico had a total population of 3,195,153 in 2018, a decrease from 3,726,157 in 2010. The decrease in Puerto Rico’s population is primarily due to higher rates of out-migration over in-migration and natural increase.

Highlights (July 1, 2017, to July 1, 2018):

  • As a whole, the U.S. population continues to grow due to both natural increase and international migration. Though international migration was slightly higher last year (978,826 compared to 953,233 the year before), natural increase was slightly lower last year (1,041,487 compared to 1,122,546 the year before).
  • Texas had the largest numeric growth over the last year, with an increase of 379,128 people. Texas grew both from having more births than deaths and from net gains in movers from within and outside the United States.
  • Florida had the highest level of net domestic migration in the last year, at 132,602. Since 2010, Florida has gained a total of 1,160,387 people from net domestic migration.
  • The voting age population, those 18 years and over, increased by 0.9 percent to 253,768,092 people in 2018.

The estimates are as of July 1, 2018, and therefore do not reflect the effects of Hurricane Florence in September 2018, Hurricane Michael in October 2018, and the California Wildfires.

During 2019, the Census Bureau will release estimates of the 2018 population for counties, cities and towns, and metropolitan and micropolitan statistical areas, as well as national, state and county population estimates by age, sex, race and Hispanic origin. Population estimates for Puerto Rico and its municipios by age and sex will be released as well. These estimates include counties and cities affected by the 2017 hurricane season.

Growth for the states listed above from 2010 to 2018
Texas: 3,555,731
Florida: 2,494,745
California: 2,302,522
North Carolina: 847,884
Georgia: 830,766
Washington: 811,051
Arizona: 779,358
Colorado: 666,248
South Carolina: 458,746
Nevada: 333,713
___


___

  Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2018
Geographic Area April 1, 2010  
  Census 2018
1 California 37,253,956 39,557,045
2 Texas 25,145,561 28,701,845
3 Florida 18,801,310 21,299,325
4 New York 19,378,102 19,542,209
5 Pennsylvania 12,702,379 12,807,060
6 Illinois 12,830,632 12,741,080
7 Ohio 11,536,504 11,689,442
8 Georgia 9,687,653 10,519,475
9 North Carolina 9,535,483 10,383,620
10 Michigan 9,883,640 9,995,915
11 New Jersey 8,791,894 8,908,520
12 Virginia 8,001,024 8,517,685
13 Washington 6,724,540 7,535,591
14 Arizona 6,392,017 7,171,646
15 Massachusetts 6,547,629 6,902,149
16 Tennessee 6,346,105 6,770,010
17 Indiana 6,483,802 6,691,878
18 Missouri 5,988,927 6,126,452
19 Maryland 5,773,552 6,042,718
20 Wisconsin 5,686,986 5,813,568
21 Colorado 5,029,196 5,695,564
22 Minnesota 5,303,925 5,611,179
23 South Carolina 4,625,364 5,084,127
24 Alabama 4,779,736 4,887,871
25 Louisiana 4,533,372 4,659,978
26 Kentucky 4,339,367 4,468,402
27 Oregon 3,831,074 4,190,713
28 Oklahoma 3,751,351 3,943,079
29 Connecticut 3,574,097 3,572,665
Puerto Rico 3,725,789 3,195,153
30 Utah 2,763,885 3,161,105
31 Iowa 3,046,355 3,156,145
32 Nevada 2,700,551 3,034,392
33 Arkansas 2,915,918 3,013,825
34 Mississippi 2,967,297 2,986,530
35 Kansas 2,853,118 2,911,505
36 New Mexico 2,059,179 2,095,428
37 Nebraska 1,826,341 1,929,268
38 West Virginia 1,852,994 1,805,832
39 Idaho 1,567,582 1,754,208
40 Hawaii 1,360,301 1,420,491
41 New Hampshire 1,316,470 1,356,458
42 Maine 1,328,361 1,338,404
43 Montana 989,415 1,062,305
44 Rhode Island 1,052,567 1,057,315
45 Delaware 897,934 967,171
46 South Dakota 814,180 882,235
47 North Dakota 672,591 760,077
48 Alaska 710,231 737,438
District of Columbia 601,723 702,455
49 Vermont 625,741 626,299
50 Wyoming 563,626 577,737

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Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2018.
Geographic Area April 1, 2010  
Census 2018
United States 308,745,538 327,167,434
Northeast 55,317,240 56,111,079
Midwest 66,927,001 68,308,744
South 114,555,744 124,753,948
West 71,945,553 77,993,663
Alabama 4,779,736 4,887,871
Alaska 710,231 737,438
Arizona 6,392,017 7,171,646
Arkansas 2,915,918 3,013,825
California 37,253,956 39,557,045
Colorado 5,029,196 5,695,564
Connecticut 3,574,097 3,572,665
Delaware 897,934 967,171
District of Columbia 601,723 702,455
Florida 18,801,310 21,299,325
Georgia 9,687,653 10,519,475
Hawaii 1,360,301 1,420,491
Idaho 1,567,582 1,754,208
Illinois 12,830,632 12,741,080
Indiana 6,483,802 6,691,878
Iowa 3,046,355 3,156,145
Kansas 2,853,118 2,911,505
Kentucky 4,339,367 4,468,402
Louisiana 4,533,372 4,659,978
Maine 1,328,361 1,338,404
Maryland 5,773,552 6,042,718
Massachusetts 6,547,629 6,902,149
Michigan 9,883,640 9,995,915
Minnesota 5,303,925 5,611,179
Mississippi 2,967,297 2,986,530
Missouri 5,988,927 6,126,452
Montana 989,415 1,062,305
Nebraska 1,826,341 1,929,268
Nevada 2,700,551 3,034,392
New Hampshire 1,316,470 1,356,458
New Jersey 8,791,894 8,908,520
New Mexico 2,059,179 2,095,428
New York 19,378,102 19,542,209
North Carolina 9,535,483 10,383,620
North Dakota 672,591 760,077
Ohio 11,536,504 11,689,442
Oklahoma 3,751,351 3,943,079
Oregon 3,831,074 4,190,713
Pennsylvania 12,702,379 12,807,060
Rhode Island 1,052,567 1,057,315
South Carolina 4,625,364 5,084,127
South Dakota 814,180 882,235
Tennessee 6,346,105 6,770,010
Texas 25,145,561 28,701,845
Utah 2,763,885 3,161,105
Vermont 625,741 626,299
Virginia 8,001,024 8,517,685
Washington 6,724,540 7,535,591
.West Virginia 1,852,994 1,805,832
.Wisconsin 5,686,986 5,813,568
.Wyoming 563,626 577,737
Puerto Rico 3,725,789 3,195,153
Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2018
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division
Release Date: December 2018

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Washington, District of Columbia
Population History

1860: 75,080
1870: 131,700
1880: 177,624
1890: 230,392
1900: 278,718
1910: 331,069
1920: 437,571
1930: 486,869
1940: 663,091
1950: 802,178
1960: 763,956
1970: 756,510
1980: 638,333
1990: 606,900
2000: 572,059
2010: 601,723
2017: 693,972
2018: 702,455

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