President Barack Obama visits Cuba- A look back at African populated Cuba

President Barack Obama visits Cuba- A look back at African populated Cuba
Cuba Flag

President Barack Obama arrived in Cuba on March 20, 2016. With this visit President Obama is the first sitting U.S. president in 88 years to set foot on the island nation. The last sitting president to visit the country was Calvin Coolidge, who arrived on a battleship in 1928. President Obama will also be the first U.S. President of African descent to visit Cuba.
Video: President Obama sends letter on first direct US mail flight to Cuba

Video: President Barack Obama historic Cuba visit

Video: President Obama is of African heritage as is most of Cuba’s population


Dilemma X takes this time to look back on Cuba. Many Americans do not know that Cuba is a nation that is heavily populated with people of African descent. Cubans, in the United States, are often viewed as Spanish speaking people of European descent by the American public. The large exodus of Cubans to the United States, after the 1959 Cuban Revolution, tended to mainly be white Cubans. This white Cuban population, sometimes referred to as Cuban exiles, tended to move to Florida. Keep in mind that this is during the era of legal Jim Crow racial segregation of the United States. A number of Cuban exiles, who were black, tended not to reside in Florida (a southern state) and instead migrated to the cities of the northeast such as New York and Philadelphia where legal racial segregation laws were, at times, less than those in Florida.

These historical newspaper articles explore the African population of Cuba and some of the views the United States held toward Cuba over time.
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1855 U.S. House of Representatives Discussion of Cuba Annexation
US House of Representatives Jan 15 1855 Cuba Annexation Discussion

US House of Representatives Jan 15 1855 Cuba Annexation Discussion

US House of Representatives Jan 15 1855 Cuba Annexation Discussion

Cuba 1870 Slavery -Enslaved Africans
Cuba Slavery 1870

Cuba 1886 -Slavery Ends (just 14 years before 1900)
Cuba Slavery 1886

Cuba 1900
Cuba Black Population 1900

1928 President Calvin Coolidge visits Cuba
Calvin Coolidge Cuba 1928

Calvin Coolidge Cuba 1928

Calvin Coolidge Cuba 1928

Video: 1928 President Calvin Coolidge’s arrival in Havana, Cuba to attend great Pan-American Congress

Video: Interviews from Havana – Blacks in Cuba


Is there still a fear of a black Cuba? A brief look back in history

Hispanics and Latinos: Who are they? A look back on the conversations

Released June 25, 2015: U.S. Hispanic or Latino population by race – America’s largest population after White is still Black or African American

Understanding the difference between Hispanic/Latino and one’s racial classification

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