U.S. state Populations 2017: Most populous states

U.S. state Populations 2017: Most populous states
Release date: December 20, 2017

U.S. Census Bureau

Idaho was the nation’s fastest-growing state over the last year. Its population increased 2.2 percent to 1.7 million from July 1, 2016, to July 1, 2017, according to the U.S. Census Bureau’s national and state population estimates released today.

Following Idaho for the largest percentage increases in population were: Nevada (2.0 percent), Utah (1.9 percent), Washington (1.7 percent), and Florida along with Arizona (1.6 percent).

The U.S. population grew by 2.3 million between July 1, 2016, and July 1, 2017, representing a 0.72 percent increase to 325.7 million. Furthermore, the population of voting-age residents (adults age 18 and over) grew to 252.1 million (77.4 percent of the 2017 total population), an increase of 0.93 percent from 2016 (249.5 million).

Eight states lost population between July 1, 2016, and July 1, 2017.
Illinois had the largest numeric decline, losing 33,703 people (this was a relatively small percentage change compared to its population of 12.8 million). Wyoming had the largest percentage decline (1.0 percent).

Three states that had been losing population in the previous year, Pennsylvania, Connecticut and Vermont, saw slight increases.

States in the South and West continued to lead in population growth. In 2017, 38.0 percent of the nation’s population lived in the South and 23.8 percent lived in the West.

In addition to the population estimates for the 50 states and the District of Columbia, the new estimates show that Puerto Rico had an estimated population of 3.3 million, a decline from 3.4 million in 2016.

The estimates for Puerto Rico are as of July 1, 2017, and therefore do not reflect the effects of Hurricanes Irma and Maria in September 2017.

The estimates for Gulf states affected by Hurricane Harvey in August 2017 and Hurricane Irma in September 2017 are also not reflected in the July 1, 2017, estimates.

Top 10 Most Populous States: 2017

Rank Name 2010 2016  2017
1 California 37,254,518 39,296,476 39,536,653
2 Texas 25,146,100 27,904,862 28,304,596
3 Florida 18,804,594 20,656,589 20,984,400
4 New York 19,378,110 19,836,286 19,849,399
5 Pennsylvania 12,702,857 12,787,085 12,805,537
6 Illinois 12,831,565 12,835,726 12,802,023
7 Ohio 11,536,730 11,622,554 11,658,609
8 Georgia 9,688,690 10,313,620 10,429,379
9 North Carolina 9,535,721 10,156,689 10,273,419
10 Michigan 9,884,129   9,933,445   9,962,311

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Top 10 States in Numeric Growth: 2016 to 2017

Rank Name 2010 2016  2017 Numeric growth
1 Texas 25,146,100 27,904,862 28,304,596 399,734
2 Florida 18,804,594 20,656,589 20,984,400 327,811
3 California 37,254,518 39,296,476 39,536,653 240,177
4 Washington 6,724,545   7,280,934   7,405,743 124,809
5 North Carolina   9,535,721 10,156,689 10,273,419 116,730
6 Georgia    9,688,690 10,313,620 10,429,379 115,759
7 Arizona   6,392,309   6,908,642 7,016,270 107,628
8 Colorado   5,029,325   5,530,105   5,607,154 77,049
9 Tennessee   6,346,295   6,649,404   6,715,984 66,580
10 South Carolina   4,625,381   4,959,822   5,024,369 64,547

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Top 10 States in Percentage Growth: 2016 to 2017

Rank Name 2010 2016 2017 Percent growth
1 Idaho 1,567,650 1,680,026 1,716,943 2.2
2 Nevada 2,700,691 2,939,254 2,998,039 2
3 Utah 2,763,889 3,044,321 3,101,833 1.9
4 Washington 6,724,545 7,280,934 7,405,743 1.7
5 Florida 18,804,594 20,656,589  20,984,400 1.6
6 Arizona 6,392,309 6,908,642 7,016,270 1.6
7 Texas 25,146,100 27,904,862  28,304,596 1.4
8 District of Columbia    601,766 684,336 693,972 1.4
9 Colorado  5,029,325 5,530,105 5,607,154 1.4
10 Oregon  3,831,072 4,085,989 4,142,776 1.4

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States populations July 1, 2017
Geographic Area Population Estimate
(as of July 1, 2017)
Change, 2016 to 2017
2016 2017 Number
United States 323,405,935 325,719,178 2,313,243
Northeast 56,359,360 56,470,581 111,221
Midwest 67,978,168 68,179,351 201,183
South 122,423,457 123,658,624 1,235,167
West 76,644,950 77,410,622 765,672
Alabama 4,860,545 4,874,747 14,202
Alaska 741,522 739,795 -1,727
Arizona 6,908,642 7,016,270 107,628
Arkansas 2,988,231 3,004,279 16,048
California 39,296,476 39,536,653 240,177
Colorado 5,530,105 5,607,154 77,049
Connecticut 3,587,685 3,588,184 499
Delaware 952,698 961,939 9,241
District of Columbia 684,336 693,972 9,636
Florida 20,656,589 20,984,400 327,811
Georgia 10,313,620 10,429,379 115,759
Hawaii 1,428,683 1,427,538 -1,145
Idaho 1,680,026 1,716,943 36,917
Illinois 12,835,726 12,802,023 -33,703
Indiana 6,634,007 6,666,818 32,811
Iowa 3,130,869 3,145,711 14,842
Kansas 2,907,731 2,913,123 5,392
Kentucky 4,436,113 4,454,189 18,076
Louisiana 4,686,157 4,684,333 -1,824
Maine 1,330,232 1,335,907 5,675
Maryland 6,024,752 6,052,177 27,425
Massachusetts 6,823,721 6,859,819 36,098
Michigan 9,933,445 9,962,311 28,866
Minnesota 5,525,050 5,576,606 51,556
Mississippi 2,985,415 2,984,100 -1,315
Missouri 6,091,176 6,113,532 22,356
Montana 1,038,656 1,050,493 11,837
Nebraska 1,907,603 1,920,076 12,473
Nevada 2,939,254 2,998,039 58,785
New Hampshire 1,335,015 1,342,795 7,780
New Jersey 8,978,416 9,005,644 27,228
New Mexico 2,085,432 2,088,070 2,638
New York 19,836,286 19,849,399 13,113
North Carolina 10,156,689 10,273,419 116,730
North Dakota 755,548 755,393 -155
Ohio 11,622,554 11,658,609 36,055
Oklahoma 3,921,207 3,930,864 9,657
.Oregon 4,085,989 4,142,776 56,787
Pennsylvania 12,787,085 12,805,537 18,452
Rhode Island 1,057,566 1,059,639 2,073
South Carolina 4,959,822 5,024,369 64,547
South Dakota 861,542 869,666 8,124
Tennessee 6,649,404 6,715,984 66,580
Texas 27,904,862 28,304,596 399,734
Utah 3,044,321 3,101,833 57,512
Vermont 623,354 623,657 303
Virginia 8,414,380 8,470,020 55,640
Washington 7,280,934 7,405,743 124,809
West Virginia 1,828,637 1,815,857 -12,780
Wisconsin 5,772,917 5,795,483 22,566
Wyoming 584,910 579,315 -5,595
Puerto Rico 3,406,520 3,337,177 -69,343

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National Ranking by Population July 1, 2017

Geographic Area
Population Estimate
(as of July 1)
1 California 39,536,653
2 Texas 28,304,596
3 Florida 20,984,400
4 New York 19,849,399
5 Pennsylvania 12,805,537
6 Illinois 12,802,023
7 Ohio 11,658,609
8 Georgia 10,429,379
9 North Carolina 10,273,419
10 Michigan 9,962,311
11 New Jersey 9,005,644
12 Virginia 8,470,020
13 Washington 7,405,743
14 Arizona 7,016,270
15 Massachusetts 6,859,819
16 Tennessee 6,715,984
17 Indiana 6,666,818
18 Missouri 6,113,532
19 Maryland 6,052,177
20 Wisconsin 5,795,483
21 Colorado 5,607,154
22 Minnesota 5,576,606
23 South Carolina 5,024,369
24 Alabama 4,874,747
25 Louisiana 4,684,333
26 Kentucky 4,454,189
27 Oregon 4,142,776
28 Oklahoma 3,930,864
29 Connecticut 3,588,184
30 Iowa 3,145,711
31 Utah 3,101,833
32 Arkansas 3,004,279
33 Nevada 2,998,039
34 Mississippi 2,984,100
35 Kansas 2,913,123
36 New Mexico 2,088,070
37 Nebraska 1,920,076
38 West Virginia 1,815,857
39 Idaho 1,716,943
40 Hawaii 1,427,538
41 New Hampshire 1,342,795
42 Maine 1,335,907
43 Rhode Island 1,059,639
44 Montana 1,050,493
45 Delaware 961,939
46 South Dakota 869,666
47 North Dakota 755,393
48 Alaska 739,795
49 District of Columbia 693,972
50 Vermont 623,657
51 Wyoming 579,315
(X) Puerto Rico 3,337,177

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